Bombing In Nigeria – Causes and Effects
Bombers use bombs in an attempt not only to sow panic but also to undermine confidence in the government and political leadership of their target country. Bombing is therefore designed to have psychological effects that reach far beyond its impact on the immediate victims or object of an attack. Bombing as a political act
Bombing is by nature political because it involves the acquisition and use of power for the purpose of forcing others to submit, or agree, to the bombers demands. A bomber attack, by generating publicity and focusing attention on the organization behind the attack, is designed to create this power. It also fosters an environment of fear and intimidation that the bombers can manipulate.
Causes of Bombing
Bombing has occurred throughout history for a variety of reasons. Its causes can be historical, cultural, political, social, psychological, economic, or religious—or any combination of these. Some countries have proven to be particularly susceptible to bombers at certain times, as Italy and West Germany were during the 1970s. Boko Haram has been blamed for scores of shootings and bombings in Nigeria's remote, semi-arid northeast, including a spate of attacks in the past few weeks. Boko Haram -- which in the Hausa language spoken in northern Nigeria means "Western education is sinful" -- is loosely modelled on the Taliban movement in Afghanistan. Rights groups say more than 500 people have been killed by Boko Haram since July 2010.
Characteristics of Bombing
Planning and organization: All bombers share one characteristic: They never commit actions randomly or senselessly. Every bomber wants an attack to generate maximum publicity because media attention helps achieve the intimidation needed for the bomber’s success. Target of Bombers: Bombers often targets innocent civilians in order to create an atmosphere of fear, intimidation, and insecurity. Some bombers deliberately direct attacks against large numbers of ordinary citizens who simply happen to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. Weapons of Bombing: Bombs historically has been the most common bombers tactic. Bombers have often relied on bombs because they provide a dramatic, yet fairly easy and often risk-free, means of drawing attention to themselves and their cause. Some of these weapons include (a) Bombs.
(c) Chemical and Biological weapons
The Act of bombing in Nigeria
For us in Nigeria what appears to be an act of bombing can be traced to the October 1st bomb blast at the eagle square in Abuja .Today it has taken a new dimension. Nigeria as a nation is now at the mercy of a bomber religious group known as Boko Haram. Just as if planned in rapid succession between October 2010 till now, we have had more than 25 explosions at different times to tell us that the issue of bombing is very well alive with us. On Aug. 26 a suicide bomber struck the U.N. building in Abuja. At least 23 people were killed and 76 wounded by the bombing which gutted the ground floor and smashed almost all the windows. Boko Haram claimed responsibility on Aug. 29, demanding the release of prisoners and an end to a security crackdown aimed at preventing more bombings. The blast was the first known suicide bombing in Nigeria. It marked an escalation in the group's tactics and revealed an increase in the sophistication of explosives it uses.
The use of bombs for political reason is a serious threat to international peace and security. While addressing the UN General Secretary on Wednesday 21st September 2011, President Goodluck Jonathan said that there has been an upsurge of bombers attacks in some parts of Nigeria over the past few months. According to the president Goodluck,"the increasing use of bombs in various religions of the world as a form of political action poses serious threat to international peace and security. We must win the war against...
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