Body Organization and the Integumentary, Skeletal, and Muscular Systems Worksheet

Topics: Muscle, Skull, Bone Pages: 26 (13121 words) Published: October 27, 2014
Body Organization and the Integumentary, Skeletal, and Muscular Systems Worksheet Organ Systems Label each of the structures, and describe the systems overall structure. NumberSystemCharacteristics 1Integumentary systemProtects underlying tissues. Provides skin sensation. Helps regulate body temperature. Synthesizes vitamin D.2Skeletal systemAttachment for muscles. Protects organs. Stores calcium and phosphorus. Produces blood cells.3Respiratory systemExchanges respiratory gases with the environment.4Nervous systemRegulates and integrates body functions via neurons.5Endocrine systemRegulates and integrates body functions via hormones.6Cardiovascular systemTransports nutrients, respiratory gases, wastes, and heat. Transports immune cells and antibodies. Transports hormones. Regulates pH.7Lymphatic systemReturns tissue fluids to bloodstream. Protects against infection and disease.8Digestive systemPhysical and chemical breakdown of food. Absorbs, processes, stores food.9Muscular systemMoves body and maintains posture. Internal transport of fluids. Generation of heat. 10Urinary systemMaintains constant internal environment through the excretion of nitrogenous waste.11Reproductive systemProduces and secretes hormones. Produces and releases egg and sperm cells. Houses embryo/fetus (females only). Produces milk to nourish offspring (females only). Tissues Label the parts of the organ or structure, and describe the structure and its function. NumberStructureCharacteristics Function 1Connective tissueServes as a storage site for fat, plays an important role in immunity.Provides the body and its organs with protection and support.2Epithelial tissueIt must cover all the surfaces of the body. Therefore, it is found in our skin.Covers body surfaces, lines body cavities and organs, and forms glands.3Muscle TissueMuscle tissue is composed of muscle cells (called muscle fibers) that contract when stimulated.Is responsible for body movement and for movement of substances through the body.4Nervous tissueNervous tissue, makes up the nervous system brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Nervous tissue consists of two general cell types, neurons and accessory cells called neuroglia.Conducts nerve impulses from one part of the body to another. Identify an organ in which each tissue type is located. NumberStructureOrgan or Organs1Connective tissueBone, ligaments, tendons.2Epithelial tissueSkin, glands3Muscle TissueHeart, Arteries4Nervous tissueBrain, spinal cord, nerves. Epithelial Tissue Label the parts of the organ or structure, and describe the structure and its function. NumberStructureCharacteristics Function 1Simple squamousOne layer of flattened cells,Allows exchange of nutrients, gases, and wastes.2Simple cuboidalOne layer of cube-shaped cells.Functions in absorption and secretion.3Simple columnarOne layer of tall, slender cells.Functions in absorption and secretion.4Stratified squamousSeveral layers of flattened cells.Provides protection against abrasion, infection, and drying out.5Stratified cuboidalUsually two layers of cube-shaped cells.Functions in protection.6Stratified columnarSeveral layers of tall, slender cells.Functions in protection and secretion.7Stratified squamousSeveral layers of flattened cells.Provides protection against abrasion, infection, and drying out. Identify the location of each type of epithelial tissue in a specific organ of the human body and describe the structure of each type of tissue as it is related to its function. NumberStructureLocation 1Simple squamousLining of heart and blood vessels, air sacs of lungs. 2Simple cuboidalKidney tubules, secretory portion of glands and their ducts.3Simple columnarMost of digestive tract (stomach to anus), air tubes of lungs (bronchi), excretory ducts of some glands, uterus.4Stratified squamousLinings of mouth, esophagus, and vagina outer layer of skin.5Stratified cuboidalDucts of sweat glands, mammary glands, and salivary glands.6Stratified columnarRare urethra,...
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