Bob Marley

Topics: Bob Marley, Rastafari movement, Peter Tosh Pages: 6 (2477 words) Published: March 19, 2002
Bob Marley, the greatest musician that a third world country has ever produced. His songs touched the lives of millions and his constant message of peace helped to shape Jamaica's future. His breakthroughs in Reggae also helped in the formation of Rap and Rhythm and Blues. In the year 1944, Captain Norvol Marley married young Jamaican girl named Cedella Booker. On February 6, 1945 at 2:30 a.m. their son, Robert Nesta Marley, otherwise known as Bob Marley was born in his grandfather's house. Soon after Bob was born his father left his mother. Bob's Father did, however give financial support and occasionally arranged to see his son. It was now the late fifties and jobs were scarce in Jamaica. Bob followed his mother from their home in St. Ann to Trenchtown (West Kingston) to seek employment in the big city. Trenchtown got its name because it was built over a ditch, which drained the sewage of old, Kingston. In Trenchtown Bob spent a lot of his time with his good friend Neville Livingston, who people called by his nickname, Bunny. Also in the big city Bob was more exposed to the Soul music, which he had loved, including such legends as Fats Domino and Ray Charles. Bob and Bunny attended a music class together that was held by the famous Jamaican singer Joe Higgs. In that class they met Peter Macintosh and soon became good friends. In the meantime Jamaican music evolved and became very popular throughout the Caribbean due to its invention of Ska music. When Bob was 16, he started to follow his dream of becoming a musician. According to Timothy White "Music to many young Jamaicans was an escape from the harshness of everyday life". One of those kids was Jimmy Cliff who at the age of 14 had already recorded a couple of hit songs. After meeting Bob, Jimmy introduced him to Leslie Kong, a local record producer. Bob followed his advice and auditioned for Leslie Kong. Bob's musical talents shone much more brightly then anyone else that day and found him in the studio recording his first single "Judge Not". Unfortunately neither "Judge Not" nor his 1962 single "One More Cup of Coffee" did very well. Bob soon left Kong after she failed to give him his pay. The following year Bob, Bunny and some other friends formed the Wailing Wailers. They didn't get off to a great start and after a couple of recording session's two members, Cherry and Junior Braithwaith left the band. The band continued on and was introduced to Clemet Dodd, a producer of the record company Coxsone. It was here where the Wailing Wailers recorded the first song "Simmer Down" which did quite well in Jamaica. To help with the recording of their songs the studio provided several talented Ska musicians. The Wailing Wailers were consisting now of Bob Marley, Peter Tosh and Bunny who were starting to become quite popular locally. Their audiences rapidly grew and they recorded several more songs on the Coxsone label, which included "It Hurts To Be Alone" and "Rule the Roadie". Bob soon took on the role of the leader, being the main songwriter. Bob's life continued to look brighter on February 10, 1966 when Bob Marley married girlfriend Rita Anderson. The next day Bob left for the United States to visit his mother who lived in Delaware. While in North America he worked to better finance his music and soon returned home. When Bob Marley returned the Wailing Wailers' music evolved from Ska to Rock Steady. This evolution conflicted with Coxsone who wanted a Sim band. So the new Wailing Wailers left Coxsone to form and renamed themselves the Wailers. Instead of looking around for a new label the Wailers decided to form their own which they called Wail n' Soul. This coincided with the birth of the Marley's first born whom they named Cedilla. They released a couple singles on their label such as "Bend Down Low" and "Mellow Mood" before Wail n' Soul folded the very same year. The ending of their label affected the band greatly; it wasn't...
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