The Three Types of Learning
There is more than one type of learning. A committee of colleges, led by Benjamin Bloom, identified three domains of educational activities: • • • Cognitive: mental skills (Knowledge) Affective: growth in feelings or emotional areas (Attitude) Psychomotor: manual or physical skills (Skills)
Table of Contents
Example and Key Words
Example and Key Words
Example and Key Words
Other Psychomotor Domains
Knowledge-Cognitive Domain Examples
Comprehension-Cognitive Domain Examples
Application-Cognitive Domain Examples
Analysis-Cognitive Domain Examples
Synthesis-Cognitive Domain Examples
Evaluation-Cognitive Domain Examples
Verb List for Writing Educational Objectives
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The cognitive domain involves knowledge and the development of intellectual skills. This includes the recall or recognition of speciﬁc facts, procedural patterns, and concepts that serve in the development of intellectual abilities and skills. There are six major categories, which are listed in order below, starting from the simplest behavior to the most complex. The categories can be thought of as degrees of difﬁculties. That is, the ﬁrst one must be mastered before the next one can take place. Example and Key Words Level Knowledge: Recall data or information. Example Examples: Recite a policy. Quote prices from memory to a customer. Knows the safety rules. Key Words Key Words: deﬁnes, describes, identiﬁes, knows, labels, lists, matches, names, outlines, recalls, recognizes, reproduces, selects, states. Key Words: comprehends, converts, defends, distinguishes, estimates, explains, extends, generalizes, gives Examples, infers, interprets, paraphrases, predicts, rewrites, summarizes, translates. Key Words: applies, changes, computes, constructs, demonstrates, discovers, manipulates, modiﬁes, operates, predicts, prepares, produces, relates, shows, solves, uses.
Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words. Application: Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the work place.
Examples: Rewrites the principles of test writing. Explain in one’s own words the steps for performing a complex task. Translates an equation into a computer spreadsheet. Examples: Use a manual to calculate an employee’s vacation time. Apply laws of statistics to evaluate the reliability of a written test.
Level Analysis: Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences. Synthesis: Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.
Example Examples: Troubleshoot a piece of equipment by using logical deduction. Recognize logical fallacies in reasoning. Gathers information from a department and selects the required tasks for training. Examples: Write a company operations or process manual. Design a machine to perform a speciﬁc task. Integrates training from several sources to solve a problem. Revises and process to improve the outcome. Examples: Select the most effective solution. Hire the most qualiﬁed candidate. Explain and justify a new budget.
Key Words Key Words: analyzes, breaks down, compares, contrasts, diagrams, deconstructs, differentiates, discriminates, distinguishes, identiﬁes, illustrates, infers, outlines, relates, selects, separates. Key Words: categorizes, combines, compiles, composes, creates, devises, designs, explains, generates, modiﬁes, organizes, plans, rearranges, reconstructs, relates, reorganizes, revises, rewrites, summarizes, tells,...
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