Blood -Borne Pathogens

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Running head: Blood-borne Pathogens in the Nursing Profession

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Bloodborn Pathogens in the Nursing Profession

The nursing profession must be familiar with trends, practices and ideas that affect patients. Emphasis on safety trends has benefitted the nursing profession. One safety trend in particular is preventing blood-borne pathogens. The Occupational Health and Safety Administration defines blood borne pathogens as “infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans” (OSHA,) These pathogens include hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), along with many others. The transmission of blood borne pathogens is of great apprehension in health care because work acquired injuries, like needle sticks and other sharp-related injuries, may expose employees to blood-borne pathogens. Nurses, specifically, are at increased risk to blood-borne pathogens due to the duties defined within the nursing profession. This exposure negatively impacts the nurse, yet; also negative affects the interconnected systems. These systems include; but are not limited to; the healthcare consumer and public health.
Studies show that nurses sustain the most needlestick injuries which could result in possible blood-borne pathogen exposure. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 62 to 88 percent of sharps injuries can be prevented simply by using safer medical devices.

The following references provide information regarding possible solutions for bloodborne pathogens and needlestick hazards.

Literature Review
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Citations: Use of this standard APA style “will result in a favorable impression on your instructor” (Smith, 2001). This was affirmed again in 2003 by Professor Anderson (Anderson, Charles & Johnson, 2003). Anderson, Charles & Johnson (2003). The impressive psychology paper. Chicago: Lucerne Publishing. Smith, M. (2001). Writing a successful paper. The Trey Research Monthly, 53, 149-150.

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