Birth Control: Availability to Teens.
Many teenagers today are very sexually active and take the risk that comes with sexual intercourse. Education is our number once source in getting sexual information out to our teens: “We have got to start educating our teenagers by introducing the ABC's for sexual education. "A-abstinence; B-be faithful; C-latex condoms." (Rosenthal 113). A type of contraceptive, also called birth control, is to do just that: control birth. Teen and teen births are greatly rising over the years due to lack of education, contraceptives, and finances. Teenagers now days do not wait till a certain age to become sexually active, more and more teens are starting at a younger age. Whether they are having sex or engaging in another form of sexual activity. “The principle behind age-of-consent law is that teens below a certain age are not mature enough to make an intelligent decision about engaging in sexual activity. Twenty-six states set the age of consent for medical making decisions at twelve years of age, yet no state sets the age sexual consent at less than sixteen. Some states provide no provisions for sexual relations between teens of the same age, provided that they are older than twelve, but there is always a penalty if one of the partners is a certain number of years older. Teens are no better prepared to make decisions about their medical health; so then the school or other public authority should inform the parents. Supporters of the lower age of medical consent counter by saying that the sexual activity between minors may or may not be legal and that medical confidentiality is more important than law enforcement.” (Zorea 113). Since the nineteen sixties’, forms of birth control or contraceptives have come a very long way. In the late sixties’ there was a contraceptive made that could be taken by mouth called the Birth Control Pill. Birth control for Women has greatly changed over the course of time. “The sexual revolution of the nineteen sixties’ showed that sex was increasingly escaping it is marital confines and exploding among the young and unwed. The sixties’ marked the high point in births among teenagers with nearly ten percent of fifteen to nineteen year old women having babies.” (May 71). By nineteen sixty-four, within two years of the pill being approved, around one million married American women were taking the pill every day and unknown amount of unmarried women. The pill was the most popular contraceptive in the country. But the Birth Control Pill was only available to women who were married. It was not available to single or young women. “There would have been a significant decline in abortions and out-of-wedlock births” (May 73). It became more common for American women to engage in sex before marriage, which dramatically increased in the nineteen seventies and by the late nineteen eighties’ premarital sex was the normal for young men and women. This was the first time women had an affective form of birth control that did not require their partners cooperation or even their knowledge. The pill was not the first birth control method. For years, women as well as men, had found ways to avoid pregnancy. Men used two of the most widely used methods, condoms and withdrawal. While at the same time women used such methods as sponges, pessaries, and diaphragms. Women that wanted a permanent solution considered having their tubes tied. Even men had the option of being sterile as well. During this time the sexual revolution had started and women were abusing the pill. Doctors warned woman that if they continued to abuse the pill, that they would stop prescribing the pill to them. Sex among singles became more common and excepted.
“Now in the twenty-first century for whatever reasons, large numbers of sexually active young women are not using birth control or any contraceptives. A recent study of sex and pregnancy among teenagers find that few have access to family planning programs;...
Cited: May, Elaine Tyler. “The Sexual Revolution.”
America & The Pill. Elaine Tyler May. New York, NY: Basic Books,
Rosenthal, Beth. “Birth Control Results and Fewer Abortions.”
Birth Control: Opposing Viewpoints. Beth Rosenthal. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2009. 123-128.
Zorea, Aharon. “Social Impact of Birth Control.”
Birth Control: Health & Medical Issues Today. Aharon H. Zorea. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2012. 95-116.
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