What is Bipolar Disorder? A Brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in moods Also known as manic-depressive disorder
It consists of manic episodes, depressive episodes, and/or hypomanic episodes People with bipolar disorder are also usually diagnosed with anxiety, attention deficit disorder, substance abuse, or physical health problems There are three types of bipolar disorder:
Bipolar I Disorder – diagnostic criteria
At least one manic episode
May or may not have had a depressive episode
There are more specific subcategories because it varies from person to person Bipolar II Disorder – criteria
At least one hypomanic episode (not fully manic)
At least one major depressive episode
There are also more specific subcategories
Cyclothymic Disorder - criteria
Numerous hypomanic episodes
Periods of depression
Never have a full manic or major depressive episode
Symptoms must last 2 yrs. or more and they can’t go away for more than 2 months
What is a manic episode?
A manic episode is a period of abnormally and persistently elevated, irritable, or expansive moods that last at least one week. To be considered a manic episode the mood disturbance must be severe enough to cause noticeable difficulty at work, school, or social activities Symptoms are not due to the direct effects of other things like drug use, other medications, or having a medical condition
What is a hypomanic episode?
A hypomanic episode is a distinct period of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood that lasts at least 4 days. The mood disturbance must be severe enough to cause a noticeable change in functioning The episode is not severe enough to cause significant difficulty at work, school, or in social activities Symptoms are not due to the effects of something else such as drug use or other medications
What is a depressive episode?
A depressive episode is a period of major depression not caused by grieving Major depressive episode usually occurs...
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