Bipolar Disorder

Topics: Bipolar disorder, Vincent van Gogh, Antidepressant Pages: 3 (653 words) Published: January 24, 2000
Bipolar disorder is a disease that effects one in
every five Americans. It is second only to heart
disease for loss of workdays in the U.S. Due to
popular belief the cause of Bipolar disorder is a
chemical imbalance in the brain. This imbalance is
due to one neurotransmitter called norepinephrine
it is thought to be the cause of depressive
symptoms. Norepinephrine is a hormone
produced by the adrenal medulla, similar in
chemical and pharmacological properties to
epinephrine (also a hormone secreted by the
adrenal medulla in response to stimulation to the
sympathetic nervous system). Norepinephrine and
epinephrine are the two active hormones that
cause some of the physiological expressions of
fear and anxiety. It appears that in states of Mania,
one's Norepinphrine levels are extremely high and
in a depressive state the level is very low.
However despite intense research and
investigation the cause of bipolar disorder is still
unknown. Other suggestions of basis of this
disease consist of viral infections and tragic or
stressful events in one's life. Symptoms of
Depression can be anything from loss of appetite
to excessive crying. But typical symptoms are:
-Depressive "blue" mood This can include a sad
feeling and an irritable attitude -Feelings of
worthlessness/guilt This symptom includes
self-hatred for problems occurring in the everyday
world. Also unrealistic self-blame, negative
self-evaluations and very low self-esteem are
usually present. -Excessive fatigue and/ or
insomnia Difficulties falling asleep, waking up
restless or waking up earlier than usual.
Hypersomnia is feeling sleepy and napping all the
time. Commonly Manic-depressives can function
very well on little or no sleep. -Frequent thoughts
of death or suicide Thoughts of one's own death
or death in general is very common in depression.
-Loss of appetite Or a gain in appetite or weight
(or loss) is common. Also the types of foods being
consumed is no longer...
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