Bipolar Disorder

Topics: Bipolar disorder, Major depressive disorder, Mania Pages: 3 (996 words) Published: May 9, 2013
Mental Illnesses has been spoken about for about for many generations but has not been thoroughly researched in till recently. One of the most serve mental illnesses out there is Bipolar Disorder or also formally known as Manic Depressive Disorder. Bipolar Disorder is ultimately an illnesses in the brain that causes extreme fluctuations in mood and energy levels. Theses episodes are refereed to as mania and depression and appear in cycles throughout life. Mania is commonly associated with decreased need for sleep, feeling better then usual, hallucinations, and extroversion. Depression is associated with just the opposite of mania which is fatigue, impaired concentration and judgment, and appetite portions.

There is not a single specific factor that can trigger bipolar disorder. Although the source of bipolar disorder has not been clearly identified a number of genetic and environmental factors appear to be involved in triggering episodes, First off it has been proven bipolar has an inherited comportment to triggering the disorder. According to the Mayo Clinic 60% of bipolar cases have a family history of the disorder. However, there is no specific gene mutations that have been identified that consistently show up in bipolar patients. Research shows that “appears to be a potential genetic correlation between bipolar disorder and mutations in specific regions of chromosome 13, 18 and 21.” This is because the building blocks of genes, called nucleotides, are normally arranged in specific order and quantity. Therefore, if theses nucleotides show up in a repeated fashion a genetic abnormality often occurs which would explain the cause for bipolar disorder. However, not all patients has this abnormally in their genes, this could also mean that environmental factors could contribute to causing bipolar disorder.

The other cause of bipolar disorder is environmental factors which can be drug abuse and home life. Environmental factors often act as triggers that...
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