Tabaco National Haigh School
UTILIZATION OF PULVERIZED COCOS NUCIFERA FIBER, DRIED EICHHORNIA AND ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS MUCILAGE AS COMPONENTS OF BIOPLASTIC PRODUCT
Maria Yvita Queenne Ignacio
Katriela Marie de Villa
Jolina Mae Rapirap
The harmful effects of synthetic plastics in the environment have been increasing, resulting to the demand that people explore other means wherein the products can be produced out of different raw materials which are Eco- friendly. The toxic plastic load on the earth is growing and at this rate will cause a whole range of problems for future generations. Making eco-friendly plastics using raw materials such as pulverized cocos nucifera fiber, dried eichhornia and extracted abelmoschus esculentus mucilage to as its main components that take less time to break down can help our community reduce the rate of pollutants since it gets absorbed in the earth, and there will no longer be tons of plastic dominating our landfills. Using eichhornia (water hyacinth) as one of its main component will lessen the rate of water hyacinth which degrade water quality by blocking photosynthesis have been greatly reducing oxygen levels in the water. Bioplastics are a form of plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, like vegetable oil, or corn starch, rather than conventional plastics which are made from petroleum. Things made with conventional plastics all have one common flaw and that is they all are made using petroleum based plastics. Worldwide we produce about 100 million tons of petroleum plastic per year. To make these plastics we use about 7 million barrels of oil per day. Now imagine that number dropping to zero. With the help of bio plastics, one day that may be a reality.
BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Plastic is a versatile and potentially indestructible material, which makes it ideal for a number of commercial and household uses. Indeed, plastic has become a substitute for many items which used to be made from other substances, such as plastic bottles for drinks, condiments and many other more. In many cases, this is extremely useful and convenient. However, usage of plastic has caused many environmental downsides. This is because, plastic is so resilient that even burying it deep within the Earth doesn’t keep it from impacting the environment. Although plastics can be recycled, many people still burn them and we all know that it is harmful to the environment. It may also affect people’s health because plastics contain many chemical additives which cause illnesses like endocrine disruption which can lead to cancers, birth defects, immune system suppression and developmental problems in children. And worse it can also lead to toxicity of living organisms and marine animals. This ecological problem impelled the development of new materials that can be substitutes in producing biodegradable plastic which led us to think the utilization of eco- friendly materials that can be an alternative in making bioplastic.
Scopes and Limitations
The research study was concerned with utilizing coconut husk fibers or cocus nucifera and water hyacinth in producing a bioplastic product. The research focused not only on the simple production but also the quality of the said product in terms of brittleness and flexibility. Mucilage was obtained from okra where glycirin is found and improves the brittleness of the product. Furthermore, this study is also concerned in using cornstarch as the source of polymer considered as the building blocks of the product. Statement of the Problem
The purpose of this study is to produce an alternative plastic made up of organic materials. Another purpose of this study is to answer the following questions: 1. What will be the organic material used in making the plastic? 2. What content(s) is/are most effective in making the bioplastic more efficient compared to other...
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