Biometric Attendance System

Powerful Essays
Topics: Biometrics
Envisioning Technology through Discourse:

A case study of biometrics in the National Identity Scheme in the United Kingdom

Aaron K. Martin
Information Systems and Innovation Group Department of Management London School of Economics and Political Science

Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy September 2011
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Declaration
I certify that the thesis I have presented for examination for the PhD degree of the London School of Economics and Political Science is solely my own work. The copyright of this thesis rests with the author. Quotation from it is permitted, provided that full acknowledgement is made. This thesis may not be reproduced without the prior written consent of the author. I warrant that this authorization does not, to the best of my belief, infringe the rights of any third party.

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Envisioning technology through discourse: A case study of biometrics in the National Identity Scheme in the United Kingdom Abstract
Around the globe, governments are pursuing policies that depend on information technology (IT). The United Kingdom’s National Identity Scheme was a government proposal for a national identity system, based on biometrics. These proposals for biometrics provide us with an opportunity to explore the diverse and shifting discourses that accompany the attempted diffusion of a controversial IT innovation. This thesis offers a longitudinal case study of these visionary discourses. I begin with a critical review of the literature on biometrics, drawing attention to the lack of in-depth studies that explore the discursive and organizational dynamics accompanying their implementation on a national scale. I then devise a theoretical framework to study these speculative and future-directed discourses based on concepts and ideas from organizing visions theory, the sociology of expectations, and critical approaches to studying the public’s understanding of technology. A methodological discussion ensues in which I explain



Bibliography: Anderson, N., 2008. IP addresses could become "personal information" in Europe. Ars Technica. Available at: http://arstechnica.com/old/content/2008/01/ip-addresses-could- 373 Bauer, M.W., 2002. Arenas, Platforms, and the Biotechnology Movement. Blunkett, D., 2004. Identity Cards Speech. Available at: 376 Pattern Recognition, 35(12), 2727-2738. Borup, M. et al., 2006. The sociology of expectations in science and technology. Technology analysis and strategic management, 18(3/4), 285-298. Bowyer, K.W., 2004. Face Recognition Technology: Security versus Privacy. 377 Brooke, C., 2002 Brown, N. & Michael, M., 2003. A sociology of expectations: Retrospecting prospects and prospecting retrospects. Technology analysis and strategic management, 15(1), 3-18. Buchanan, K., 2007. DNA 'will be stolen ' from ID cards. Available at: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/martinak/DNA.pdf. Buckland, M.K., 1991. Information as thing. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42(5), 351-360. Burge, M. & Burger, W., 2000. Ear Biometrics in Computer Vision. In International Conference on Pattern Recognition 378 Cabinet Office, 2006b Central Office of Information, 2007b. National Identity Scheme Tracking Research Wave 2: October 2007, Identity & Passport Service. Chau, A., Stephens, G. & Jamieson, R., 2004. Biometrics Acceptance Perceptions of Use of Biometrics. In Proceedings of the 15th Australasian Conference on Information Systems Australia, pp. 1-6. Clarke, N.L. et al., 2002. Acceptance of Subscriber Authentication Methods For Mobile Telephony Devices. Computers & Security, 21(3), 220-228. Clarke, R., 1994a. Human Identification in Information Systems: Management 379 Clarke, R., 1994b. The digital persona and its application to data surveillance. Collingridge, D., 1992. The management of scale: big organizations, big

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