Biology Current Events Paper

Topics: Vaccine, Immune system, Vaccination Pages: 6 (1723 words) Published: November 8, 2014
Patrick Krahenbuhl
October 10, 2014
Pros and Cons to Vaccinations in Children
Almost everyone has heard of the issue between the benefits and dangers of childhood vaccines. As a parent you want to do what is best for your child and protect them. Some people have different opinions on what that specifically entails when it comes to childhood vaccines. Vaccinations are a controversial topic that many people talk about, whether it should be mandatory or optional is mainly questioned by parents who feel that the Cons outweigh the Pros. The government says that it is the right thing to do in order for you and your family to be safe from illnesses and diseases. But there have also been some opposed opinions about whether or not it’s worth the risk of being sick once getting vaccinated and if it actually works. The argument on both sides range from first amendment right issues all the way to disabling health concerns. In this essay I plan to enlighten and elaborate on both the positive and negative outlook on vaccinations in infants and children and why parents are so hesitant in vaccinating their children. Doctors claim there are five important vaccinations that every child should receive.  They are: the Chicken Pox Vaccine, MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) Vaccine, Hepatitis Vaccine, HIB Vaccine, and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine. The Chicken pox vaccine is probably the most common vaccination.  Chicken pox is an airborne disease that spreads quickly among younger children.  Some symptoms include fever and an itchy, red, bumpy rash.  Before the vaccination came to pass, around 100 people would die from chicken pox every year on average.  Just like anything we inject into our bodies, there are risks to this vaccine but the chances of it happening are slim compared the chances on contracting this disease and possibly dying from it. There are two doses a child should receive of this immunization.  They should receive the first dose between the ages of 12-15 months and then again between four and six years of age.   The MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) is a disease that causes coughs, rashes, fevers and many other cold symptoms.  Just like the Chicken Pox vaccination there are two doses of this vaccine as well.  The first dose is between 12-15 months and the second dose is between 4-6 years of age.  This vaccine is known as the most effective, yet safest vaccine.   In 1962, one year before the measles vaccination was given to people, almost 500,000 cases were reported in the United States. Ten years after the vaccine was introduced, there were about 32,000 cases; after another ten years, there were fewer than 2,000 cases of measles. Since the vaccine there are only about 100 cases of measles every year. Hepatitis (A and B) is a liver disease that is caused by bacteria that can cause minor symptoms such as the flu, diarrhea and stomach pains.  Some other symptoms can be acquired if one should receive the vaccination; these symptoms consist of some pain at the injection site, soreness, headache, and possible weakness.  This vaccine should be given to children between the ages of twelve to twenty-three months old; the two vaccines should be given at two separate times. The HIB bacterial illness can cause severe swelling of the throat.  This is an elevated pneumonia and/or meningitis.  Children get four doses of this immunization.  It starts at 2 months of age, 4 months of age, 6 months of age and then a final dose at twelve to fifteen months of age.  Reactions to this vaccination are possible but very rare.  Most children are protected from this disease just after two or three doses.  Before this immunization was available there was close to 1,000 kids a year who died due to the HIB.   Pneumococcal Conjugate causes infections, pneumonia, and meningitis. There are four doses of Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine that are given to children at the ages of 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, and a final at 12 months. This disease is...

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