Biology: Cell and Electron Transport Chain

Topics: Cell, DNA, Eukaryote Pages: 19 (3212 words) Published: May 4, 2014
Biology EOCT Study Guide
The Biology End of Course Test is a state mandated test which covers ALL content taught in both semesters of Biology. This test counts as 20% of the students second semester average. This student version study guide is a condensed form of the Georgia Dept. of Education study guide found online at

Resources to help you study include your text book, guided notes, and assignments. Content is broken up into 7 domains. The Biology EOCT is made up of all multiple choice questions. Testing block is 2 hours, however students with accommodations may receive up to 1 hour additional time for testing. The Biology EOCT test will be taken on Monday, Wednesday May 7, 2014.

Topic 1: Science Process Skills and Lab Safety
A. Steps of the scientific method –

B. For the following experiment, identify the Independent Variable, Dependent Variable, and Control: You want to know whether human steroid hormones affect the growth of plants. You take two of the same plant species, plant A and plant B, and place them in identical conditions. Plant B receives 10ml of human steroid hormone a day while Plant A receives none. After 10 weeks you measure the growth and find Plant A to have increased in height by 5.4 cm. Plant B increased in height by 6.3 cm. Plant A has bright green leaves. Plant B has dull yellow leaves with brown spots. C. Safety Procedures – Review safe and unsafe laboratory behaviors.

Topic 2: Research and the Nature of Biology
A. Biology is the study of living things. It has many more specific branches such as… 1) Botany – study of ____________________________________________________________ 2) Zoology - study of ___________________________________________________________ 3) Ecology - study of ___________________________________________________________ 4) Genetics - study of ___________________________________________________________ 5) Mycology - study of __________________________________________________________ 6) Microbiology - study of _______________________________________________________ 7) Taxonomy - study of _________________________________________________________ 8) Ecology - study of ___________________________________________________________


_____1. Organisms that CAN’T photosynthesize and must get their energy by eating other organisms are called ________________.
A. mutantsB. unicellular
C. autotrophsD. heterotrophs

_____2. ________________ reproduction produces offspring by combining the genetic information from 2 parents. A. asexualB. sexual

_____3. Growing a new plant by breaking off a piece of an existing plant and sprouting it, is an example of _______________ reproduction. A. SexualB. asexual

4. Shivering when you get too cold is an example of which two concepts you learned about? Circle two (2)
A. evolutionB. metabolism
C. homeostasis D. stimulus-response




A signal to which an organism responds _____________________________

Another name for a living thing is ______________________

The “science of life” that studies all living things is called _____________________ The process by which organisms as a group change over time; Process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organism’s _______________________ The process in which cells change as they grow and develop to become specialized with different functions _____________________________

A set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life...
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