University of Phoenix Material: Biological Psychology Worksheet
College Of Social Sciences
PSY/340 Version 3
Biological Foundation of Psychology
Guadalupe M. Ignacio
TALESHIA CHANDLER, M.A.
Schedule: 08/13/2013 - 09/16/2013
Campus: ONLINE MAIN
Group ID: BSDH190OC6
There are twelve psychology branches there is that is currently evolving and refining its course through research and time and biopsychology is only one of them. It is also known as the Neuroscience because the main focus of study in this venture is the Central nervous system which composes the brain and the spinal cord. In here, researchers and neuroscientist s alike continues to analyze how the brain and its neurotransmitters influence our feelings, our thoughts, our behaviors and how motivation plays an important role on how we behave, react and respond to certain stimulus. Since the beginning of time, from Philosophers and Psychoanalysts, this system has evolved through different names also, such as psychobiology, behavioral neuroscience, biopsychological biology, etc., which all summed up to be the study of the brain and how it affects us as human being (Pinel, 2009). Biopsychology seemed to be the perfect fit for this branch for its neuroscience/biopsychology perspective. According to our textbook, scientists started to find out the role of genetics and other biological factors regarding psychology which involves our memory, our perception of things and situations, language, the way we learn things, our own sexuality, sensation and other abnormal behavior there is (Pinel, J., 2003). I would like to start with our biopsychological system is which mostly controlled by the central nervous system and is basically composed of the brain and the spinal cords. The human brain is not only one of the most important organs in the human body; it is also the most complex. When the brain and the spinal cord is the subject matter of our study, it is very important to first understand the basics of the neuroanatomical structure and its functions. First of all we need to know that the cell is the most important component of the nervous system like all the systems in our body. These building blocks, which composed the whole nervous system, are the neurons, the brain cells and the glial cells (Psych. Pg. 14). There is one more major aspect that composes this system which is the CSF or the cerebrospinal fluids which insulates and cleans the brain and its components inside the spinal cord. This is also the one that lubricates and strengthen the myelin sheath that covers the spinal cord ( Inaba, Cohen, 2004). CNS is composed of half of the nervous system and is well protects by the skull and the spinal cord than most of the peripheral nervous system. Understanding the precise way the messages are transmitted by the nervous system is to fully understand the nerve cells, the building blocks of the nervous system. These are also called neurons. These specialized cells are the information-processing units of the brain responsible for receiving and transmitting information. Each part of the neuron plays a role in the communication of information throughout the body. The nervous system and endocrine system allow information to be communicated throughout the body The cerebral cortex is the part of the brain that functions to make every human being different from one another. Distinctly human traits including higher thought, language and human consciousness as well as the ability to think, reason and imagine all originate in the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex is the most obvious part when we look at the brain. It is the outermost portion that covers the whole structure of the brain and is divided into the four lobes of the brain. Each bump on the surface of the brain is known as a gyrus while each groove is known as sulcus (Inaba, Cohen, 2004). The endocrine system is the one that...
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