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Biological Bases of Behavior

By tardanikam Jan 14, 2015 387 Words
“Biological Bases of Behavior “
The human Behavior I chose was Disliking Strangers. The fear of strangers most children feel can be explained chemically. Oxytocin, the very same hormone that helps us bond with people we are close with, will also compel us to ignore and be very rebellious to people we don’t know. There have been studies where participants inhale either oxytocin or a placebo and engage in group games with incentives to cooperate. When the groups featured people the participants already knew in some manner, the oxytocin caused their cooperation to rise—but when the groups consisted of strangers, it caused cooperation to fall. We are used to hearing our parent’s say don’t talk to stranger s constantly. As we grow up we have that instilled in our tiny brains that as we grow we always remember stay away they are bad people. Its words that you were raised on. A toddler who is securely attached to its parent (or other familiar caregiver) will explore freely while the caregiver is present, typically engages with strangers, is often visibly upset when the caregiver departs, and is generally happy to see the caregiver return. The extent of exploration and of distress are affected by the child's temperamental make-up and by situational factors as well as by attachment status, however. A child's attachment is largely influenced by their primary caregiver's sensitivity to their needs. Parents who consistently (or almost always) respond to their child's needs will create securely attached children. Such children are certain that their parents will be responsive to their needs and communications. Securely attached children are best able to explore when they have the knowledge of a secure base to return to in times of need. When assistance is given, this bolsters the sense of security and also, assuming the parent's assistance is helpful, educates the child in how to cope with the same problem in the future. Therefore, secure attachment can be seen as the most adaptive attachment style. According to some psychological researchers, a child becomes securely attached when the parent is available and able to meet the needs of the child in a responsive and appropriate manner. At infancy and early childhood, if parents are caring and attentive towards their children, those children will be more prone to secure attachment.

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