Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality

Topics: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology, Abraham Maslow Pages: 5 (1201 words) Published: August 20, 2014


Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality
Jesse Ruffin
PSY/250
August 1, 2014
University of Phoenix
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality
Personality is complex, and each's personality characteristics are unique. Personality has been studied and explained over the years from the likes of Freud, Jung, Adler, and countless other psychologist and is directly linked to Maslow's theories of biological and humanistic approaches to personality. We will examine the attachment theory assessment and the basic aspects of Maslow's humanistic theory. Using attachment data will help describe the early relationship between my primary care-giver and me. The attachment theory assessment is designed to measure one's attachment style and the way in which they approach close relationships. The proponents of humanistic theory focused on the potential of an individual and emphasized on the core growth and self-actualization. Maslow's basic belief of humanistic theory is that all people are naturally good socially and emphasizes that individuals have control determining their mental health (All Psych Online, 2011). The theory is also credited with having environmental influences. Humanistic theory has helped in removing some stigma in therapies and the influence it had on individuals opening them up to explore their potential. Maslow's Hierarchy of needs is the belief system of humanistic psychology (All Psych Online, 2011). The basic premise behind this hierarchy is that we are born with certain needs" (All Psych Online, 2011). In order for us to succeed in life is to move up on the hierarchy system. There are five levels to Maslow's hierarchy needs system. In the hierarchy needs system, the first need is physiological. It is the need for food, water, shelter, oxygen, and sleep. Second level is safety, the need for security and safety. For example, the need for steady employment. Next level is belonging the needed acceptance. In addition for the need of belonging there, is a need to feel loved. Following the belonging is the esteem level, here is the need for achievement, education, respect, and competence. Although you have not reached your full potential, you can have a sense of accomplishment and pride. The final level is self- actualization, this is where you realize your full potential. For example being the best that you can be, a sense of purpose. Maslow's theory (hierarchy needs) different needs levels, but how does that relate to the attachment assessment and our attachment style. Finally, how does it relate to our early relationships with our caregiver? The attachment assessment theory assessment is designed to measure one's attachment style and the way in which they approach close relationships (Farley, Brennan, & Waller, 2000).  According to attachment theory research, there are two fundamental ways people differ from each other in the way they view relationships (Farley, Brennan, & Waller, 2000).  Attachment-related anxiety and attachment-related avoidance. Those high in attachment-related anxiety tend to fear rejection and worry if the other party loves them, usually a partner (Farley, Brennan, & Waller, 2000).  Those individuals high in attachment-related avoidance are more likely uncomfortable depending on others or being vulnerable to opening up (Farley, Brennan, & Waller, 2000).  According to the attachment assessment my score for attachment-related anxiety score is 1.94 (low anxiety), and my attachment-related avoidance score 4.06 tipping scale towards the higher side. The combination of both scores puts me into the dismissive region. Dismissing people are high with self-confidence and often come across contentious or aggressive which interferes in our close relationships. In addition, dismissing people tend to refer their self-determination mainly at the expense of their close relationships. To answer the question how does this assessment and Maslow's theory relate to my early...


References: All Psych ONLINE. (2011). Retrieved from http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/maslow.html
Farley, Brennan, & Waller, (2000). Journal of personality and Social Psychology, 78(), 350-365.
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