Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality

Topics: Motivation, Psychology / Pages: 3 (701 words) / Published: Jan 26th, 2014
Biological & Humanistic Approaches to Personality
Psy 250
November 6,2013
Murray Johnson
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality

Maslow came up with a theory that motivates people. The hierarchy of needs is what he called it, and he analyzed how the needs influence people in general. The needs are self-actualization motives, esteem needs, belongingness and love needs, safety needs, and physiological needs. Each need serves its own purpose.
If the basic need is not satisfied, Maslow theory states the other needs cannot be satisfied. In reality everyone has his or her own personality and needs do differ, depending on the person that’s involved. The basic need or deficiency needs would be water, food, air, love, shelter, warmth, sex, and sleep. From Maslow’s research the physiological need is 85% fulfilled, and once all of these needs are fulfilled a person can advance to the next level of need, the safety needs. They consist of security, protection, law, order, and stability. In general this one is 75% fulfilled by people. The next level is social needs, and this one is 50% fulfilled, it consists of relationships, affection, family, and work group. The esteem needs is achievement, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, and 40% is fulfilled. The final need everyone is trying to get to is only 10% fulfilled, the self actualization need. It consists of self fulfillment, seeking personal growth, and peak experiences. These needs are coping behavior (McLeod, 2007).
Everyone needs the basic needs to live or survive. The behavioral needs that influence people are the social needs, self esteem, and self actualization. People are influenced by social needs when they start getting involved with different personalities and wanting something him or her cannot have or their not able to get. Self esteem can be influenced if the person has a high or low esteem problem. Having a low esteem problem may be influenced



References: McLeod, S. A. (2007). Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html Sammons, A. Approaches to Psychology- The humanistic approach: the basics. Retrieved from http://www.psychlotron.org.uk/newResources/approaches/AS_AQB_approaches_HumanisticBasics.

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