Mary the first was the daughter of Henry the eighth and his first with, Catherine of Aragon. She was born on February 18, 1516 and died on November 17, 1558. She was queen from July 19, 1553 until she dies. She was alienated by her father during his divorce with her mother. She was then deprived of her status as heir to the English throne. This fueled her rage regarding her father’s break from the Roman Catholic Church, which told him that he could not divorce her mother. She felt that if her father had obeyed the Roman Catholic Church, her right to the throne would not have been questioned. When Henry the eighth died, Mary’s half-brother Edward was made king, and she was restored as heir to the throne.
When Edward died in 1552, Mary was left as heir to the throne. It was not until 1553 that Protestantism had gained so many followers that a rival to the throne was put forward, Mary's cousin Lady Jane Grey. Public sympathy remained with Mary, and she soon overcame resistance to her cousin’s succession. On July 19 Mary had Jane Grey executed, and she now was the undisputed queen. Mary first began to earn her title of “Bloody Mary” when she had her cousin executed to prevent any possible power struggle. Her official coronation was on November 30, 1553. Mary had always rejected and resented the break with Rome that her father had instituted and his establishment of the Anglican Church. She tried to turn England back to Roman Catholicism. Her reign was the only obstacle of printing of the Bible in English. Her effort was carried out by force, and hundreds of Protestant leaders were burned at the stake. The first was John Rogers, the printer of the “Matthews-Tyndale Bible”. His execution was followed by the execution of former Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, who was responsible for the printing of the “Great Bible”. Hundreds more followed in Mary’s bloody reign of terror. This earned her the title of “Bloody Mary”.
Mary's allegiance to Roman Catholicism...
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