Francisco Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Extremadura, Spain, in 1475 and passed away on June 26, 1541. He was a conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire and founded the city of Lima, Peru. This is why he was best known as the Spaniard who conquered the Incas. He was the son of Gonzalo Pizarro Rodríguez de Aguilar (senior) who as colonel of infantry. His mother was Francisca González Mateos, a poor woman from Trujillo. His parents never got married; he was brought up by his mothers parents Pizarro never went to school so he didn’t learn to read, but he was taught Roman Catholic. That’s why he couldn’t have access to a proper job and ended up herding pigs for more than 14 years. Pizarro traveled to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola in 1502 with the governor of that Spanish colony. He took part in an expedition to Colombia in 1510 and there years later he traveled with Vasco Nunez de Balboa in a journey that ended in the discovery of the Pacific Ocean. From 1519 to 1523 he served as mayor of the town of Panama. By 1522 there were many stories of the cities of gold in the south, made Pizarro want to head an expedition to the south. He formed a partnership with other conquistadors to explore to the south of Panama. They travel to Peru in 1526 and then returned to get permission to claim the land for Spain. In 1531, their expedition which included Pizarro's three half brothers sailed from Panama. The next fall Pizarro entered the city of Cajamarca and took the Inca leader Atahuapla hostage. Despite having paid a ransom to spare his life, Atahuapla was killed in 1533. Pizarro then conquered Cuzco, another important Inca city, and founded the city of Lima, now the capital of Peru. Pizarro's rivalry with Almagro led to conflict in 1537. Almagro had taken over Cuzco after one of Pizarro's half brothers, Juan Pizarro, was killed during a revolt. Pizarro did not want Almagro to have the city, but he was too old to fight himself so he...
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