Biography of Cicero

Topics: Cicero, Roman Republic, Julius Caesar Pages: 4 (1294 words) Published: May 30, 2013
Running head: Biography of Cicero1

Biography of Cicero
Bruce Hovey
Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an Empire
Kenneth Merschbrock
Mid America Nazarene University

Biography of Cicero2

Biography of Cicero
Marcus Tullius Cicero, perhaps the greatest orator of Ancient Rome, was born on January 3d, 106 B.C. in the town of Arpinium, about 70 miles from Rome. Although his family had achieved some measure of wealth by the time of his birth, none had ever been Senators and they were still considered middle class. His Father did however consider himself to be a man of culture and desired great success for his son. Knowing that this elevation in class could only come in Rome, Cicero’s Father sent him there, at a very young age, to study under the great orator Crassus. Once in Rome, Cicero studied philosophy, law, and literature, and had a brief stint in the military, serving under Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo during the Social War from 90 B.C. to 88 B.C. Realizing quickly that he was not a military leader, he returned to his studies and by age 26, began pleading cases. (Marinone, 2004) One of his earliest and most notable trials came during the reign of the dictator Sulla. Cicero defended Sextus Roscius, a private citizen accused of murdering his father. During the trial, Cicero argued that Roscius’ accusers, Titus Roscius Magnus and Titus Roscius Capito, both relatives of Roscius, were actually guilty of the murder in question. The sensation came when Cicero stated that the murder had been covered up by one of Sulla’s freedmen, Chrysogonus, Biography of Cicero3 who was rewarded for his efforts by being allowed to purchase the property of the victim for a fraction of its value. This accusation against Chrysogonus was widely seen as an attack on Sulla himself, and would not be the last time that Cicero would speak out against those of higher power. In the end, Roscius was acquitted and Cicero was instantly...

Bibliography: * Fuhrmann, Manfred. 1992. Cicero and the Roman Republic. Translated by W. E. Yuill. Oxford: Blackwell.
* Marinone, Nino. 2004. Cronologia ciceroniana. 2d ed. Bologna, Italy: Patron Editore.
* Mitchell, Thomas N. 1979. Cicero: The ascending years. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press.
* Mitchell, Thomas N. 1991. Cicero: The senior statesman. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press. Stockton, D. L. 1971. Cicero: A political biography. London: Oxford Univ. Press.
* Plutarch, Death of Cicero, translated by John Dryden
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