Biography of Albert Einstein

Topics: Albert Einstein, Nuclear weapon, General relativity Pages: 7 (1573 words) Published: October 7, 2014


The Biography Of Albert Einstein.

Early Life
Einstein was Born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm Württemberg Germany. Albert Einstein grew up in a middle-class Jewish family. His father Hermann Einstein, was a salesman and engineer who with his brother founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie. A company that manufactured electrical equipment in Munich, Germany. His mother, the former Pauline Koch, ran the family household. Einstein had one sister Maja, who was born two years after him. Einstein attended elementary school at the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. He loved classical music and played the violin. He experienced a speech difficulty where he’d pause to consider what to say next. Years later Einstein would write about two events that had a marked effect on his childhood. One was an encounter with a compass at age five, where he was amazed at the invisible forces that turned the needle. The other was at age 12, when he discovered a book of geometry, he read the book over and over. In 1889, the Einstein family invited a poor Polish medical student, Max Talmud to come to their house for Thursday evening meals. Talmud became a tutor to young Albert, introducing him to higher mathematics and philosophy. One of the books Talmud showed Albert was a children’s science book. The author imagined riding alongside electricity that was traveling inside a telegraph wire. Einstein started to question what a light beam would look like if you could run alongside it at the same speed. Einstein was able to apply directly to the Eidgenössische Polytechnische Schule (Swiss Federal Polytechnic School) in Zürich, Switzerland. Lacking a high school diploma, he failed the entrance exam but got exceptional marks in mathematics and physics. Because of this, he was admitted to the school provided he complete his formal schooling first. He went to a special high school run by Jost Winteler in Aarau, Switzerland. He graduated in 1896 at age 17. He became lifelong friends with the Winteler family, with whom he had been boarding, and fell in love with Wintelers' daughter, Marie. At this time, Einstein renounced his German citizenship to avoid military service and enrolled at the Zurich school.

Miracle Year
At the patent office, Albert Einstein evaluated patent applications for electromagnetic devices. He quickly mastered the job, leaving him time to focus on the transmission of electrical signals and electrical-mechanical synchronization, an interest hes had for several years. While at the polytechnic school he had studied Scottish physicist James Maxwell's electromagnetic theories which describe the nature of light. He discovered a fact unknown to Maxwell , that the speed of light remained constant. But this violated Isaac Newton's laws of motion because there is no absolute velocity in Newton's theory. This led Einstein to formulate the principle of relativity. In 1905, known as Einstein's "miracle year.” He submitted a paper for his doctorate and had four papers published in the Annalen der Physik, one of the best known physics journals. The four papers, the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity, and the equivalence of matter and energy, would alter the course of modern physics and bring him to the attention of the academic world. In his paper on matter and energy, Einstein used the well-known equation E=mc2, suggesting that tiny particles of matter could be converted into huge amounts of energy, foreshadowing the development of nuclear power. There have been claims that Einstein and his wife, Maric, collaborated on his famous 1905 papers, but historians of physics who have studied the issue find no evidence that she had any part in the paper. In fact, in the papers, Einstein only credits his conversations with Michele...
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