In health care there is constantly a drive for attaining a level of quality care. The advancements in technology have also helped in providing that quality of care, but some of these technologies and scientific advances have caused some bioethical issues for health care professionals today. The three common issues in bioethics are beginning of life, sustaining life and improving quality of life and death and dying. We will explore one area in each cycle to understand some current issues and challenges in bioethics. In the beginning of life cycle one of the major issues that are surrounding this is the issue of abortion which refers to the termination of a pregnancy before the viability of the fetus. This only becomes a concern when issue of abortion is an elective decision or therapeutic reasons, but not from an abortion that is from natural causes. When a woman miscarriage this is something as accepted as it was meant to be, and we understand there is a possible risk on the pregnancy and potential outcome of the childbirth. This issue also crosses over to prenatal ethics as well. Abortion is a debate of what stage do we consider human life of the fertilized egg. There is one side that believes that life begins at the beginning of conception and it should be preserved and protected. There are also others that feel that life doesn’t begin until birth and the fetus is not considered human. These ideas are based on different group feelings of how they value the beginning cycle of life. More of the religious groups are adamant against abortions and feel that it’s murder to proceed with an abortion. While there are others that feel that abortion can be a necessary procedure when facing a crisis like rape, but this also brings about other views that abortions can be misused as a form of birth control. In the issue of a rape incident this can be seen as one group as one wrong that is done after another wrong. The procedure of an abortion is not going to address the problems in society we have with rapist. For moral idealist the problem in this case is to see what can be done decrease this type of event from happening and in turn would decrease the need for abortions. These ideas are rooted in the values that people have whether they are from religious associations, moral ideals, or from personal liberties. A health care professional aim is to administer a safe delivery of quality care, and sometimes this is shaped by what our legal system had deemed as safe. The Roe .v Wade case in the Supreme Court decided that a beginning trimester of a pregnancy an abortion is allowed and special restrictions for the second trimester. The courts took a deontological perspective to draw the line on the different ideas on how abortion should be interpreted. With this court decision, health care professionals are in a sense can’t exercise any moral judgment based on their opinion of abortion. This can be a challenge for some health care professionals, or even some religious based hospitals. This will leave the health care facilities that perform this procedure open for much opposition by groups that are against abortion. In the next life cycle in sustaining, life organ transplantation is one of the most effective procedures for improving the quality of life. Organ transplanting is when body part is removed with surgery from a person’s body or location to another person. These can also be done from the person’s own body like a skin graph when a person is burned in one area and they take tissue from another part of the body to repair the damaged tissue. Transplants can be done with human tissue and animal tissue and can help or prolong the...
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