Gene therapy is
an experimental technique that uses genes to treat or prevent disease. In the future, this technique may allow doctors to treat a disorder by inserting a gene into a patient's cells instead of using drugs or surgery. The science and the history of this subject help doctors to use it in the future. Also, there are many pros and cons of using gene therapy. Opinions and the predicted future of this form of bio technology are very strong and very weak. The science of gene therapy starts with the scientists of 1985, hoping to cure some diseases. A fouryear old girl became the first gene therapy patient on September 14, 1990 at the NIH Clinical Center. She has adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency, a genetic disease which leaves her defenseless against infections. The type of techniques used for gene therapy are divided into two categories, somatic cell therapy, and germline therapy. Somatic cell therapy(most of the cells of the body)
is viewed as a more conservative, safer approach because it affects only the targeted cells in the patient, and is not passed on to future generations. Germline therapy is a
is inserted into the
(egg or sperm) so that
the offspring of the patient will have the inserted gene. The DNA is being injected with a cure, kind of, to get rid of that specific disease.
Swiss physician Friedrich Miescher found a weak acid in the nuclei of white blood cells, but he actually was the first person to encounter DNA. A
fouryear old girl became the first gene
therapy patient on September 14, 1990 at the NIH Clinical Center. She has adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency, a genetic disease which leaves her defenseless against infections. Before that, in January 1944, it was discovered that a gene can be transferred from one cell to another. Then in January of 1954, it was discovered that viruses can be used to help transfer one gene from one ...
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