Bioethics

Topics: Health care, Health care provider, Organ transplant, Medicine, Abortion, Organ donation / Pages: 6 (1858 words) / Published: Jun 14th, 2014
Bioethics
Legal & Ethical Aspects of Health Information Management
Instructor: Michelle Cranney

The three aspects of the cycle of life, in bioethical issues, are the beginning of life, to sustaining or improving quality of life, and to the end of life or death (McWay, 2010). Ethical issues that are included in the beginning of life are family planning (the use of contraceptives or not), abortion, perinatal ethics (in-vitro fertilization) and eugenics (breeding to produce a superior species in humans). Ethical issues related to the quality of life or supporting life are related to HIV/AIDS, organ transplantation and genetic science. Topics related to death and dying are euthanasia (medicated painless death), withdrawing and withholding support (on life support to sustain life) and preparing for the end of life such as an advanced directive (legally granting rights to an individual in the event that the patient is unable to). One of the bioethical debates in the country is concerning beginning of life and abortion. Some people consider abortion killing, and others believe it is a form of contraception. Moral and religious views affect person beliefs, and opinions of believing that all abortion is a sin. Some only justify abortion in the instance of rape committed against the mother. Others consider abortion as an alternative when the fetus has a genetic abnormality such as a condition that is non-compatible with life or a condition that limits the quality of life. Other issues related to abortion are discussions on the father’s role in the decision and the right to be informed and the issue of treating a pregnant minor without parental consent. For centuries women were subject to unsanitary conditions in order to receive an abortion, sometimes ending in death of both the fetus and the mother. I feel that it is the role of legislation to be pro choice and support the rights of women. In January 1973,

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