Bioengineering and Genetically Modified Organisms

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U10A1 Bioengineering and Genetically Modified Organisms The Human genome is known to be the sequencing of about twenty thousand five hundred thousand genes that make up our human DNA, or the building block that tells our cells what to do. The government created project that is named the Human Genome Project started in 1990’s, and is trying to pick apart at the three billion chemical base pairs in a DNA strand. The full set of the information present in the form of the genes in living organism then forms its genome. Each individual person has twenty three pairs of chromosomes by having the DNA of ours double helix in each, all being different from the other person. The Project is a worldwide project with the efforts and with the goal to study and analyze the structure of human DNA by determining the location of the estimated one hundred thousand human genes. Inner twined with this effort, is a set of model organisms that will be studied to provide the compared/contrasted information necessary to fulfill the understanding of the function of the human genome.

The Human Genome Project has an abundance of goals to set. The main goal is identifying all of the 100,000 genes in human DNA. Second, to determine the sequence or flow of three billion chemical base pairs those make up our human genomes. All this information must be stored in a database to be credible documentation. As a result of this project, it is said to be predicted that vast increases in technology and biology molecular world will indeed occur whether we like it or not. It was based in speculation that the project will possibly take two decades to finish studying. Some scientist did not even think it could be done because the technology was not ready for this specific type of drawn out project. From my article read is said to that “The Human Genome Project (HGP) was the international, collaborative research program whose goal was the complete mapping and understanding of all the genes of



References: An Overview of the Human Genome Project; What was the Human Genome Project? : December 13, 2010 National Human Genome Research Institute National institute of health Gnome.gov Human Biology: Cecie Starr; McMillan Beverly; Chapter 21 pgs. 407-428

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