biodiesel

Powerful Essays
Review

Latest trends in feedstocks for biodiesel production
Sara Pinzi, David Leiva-Candia, Isabel López-García, M. Dolores Redel-Macías, M. Pilar Dorado,
University of Cordoba, Spain
Received January 18, 2013; revised June 28, 2013; and accepted July 3, 2013
View online August 14, 2013 at Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com); DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1435;
Biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref. 8:126–143 (2014)
Abstract: Edible seed oil biodiesel has been criticized due to its low sustainability and potential conflict with food and fiber production for the use of arable land, besides high water and fertilizer requirements. In this context, biodiesel from non-edible sources, like animal fat, waste oil, insect oil, or single cell oil constitutes an alternative biofuel that omits the previous drawbacks. In this review and taking into account the previous consideration, the most interesting feedstocks for biodiesel production are shown. While frying oils and animal fats constitute the most extensively studied non-edible raw materials for biodiesel production, soapstocks are gaining interest among the scientific community. Finally, promising feedstocks for biodiesel production, such as microbial oil (also named single cell oil), insect oil, or microdiesel are reviewed. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Keywords: low cost biodiesel; microalgae; microbial oil; single cell oil; insect oil

Introduction ritish Petroleum’s (BP’s) Statistical Review of World
Energy estimated the accessible crude oil resources about 171.1 thousand million tonnes at the end of
2010. Considering the current world consumption about
11.6 million tons of crude oil per day, fossil resources will only be available for a short period of time.1,2
Furthermore, the combustion of fossil resources generates massive emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that are contributing to the irreparable change to the global climate. Consequently, a sustainable and

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Biodiesel

    • 394 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Biodiesel fuel is made from natural and renewable resources. It can be manufactured from algae, vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases. Fresh soybean oil is most commonly used. In general they are made from fats and oils, which are hydrocarbons. These hydrocarbons are filtered and mixed with an alcohol, such as methanol, and a catalyst, resulting in a chemical reaction whose major products are biodiesel fuel and glycerol. Biodiesel fuel is light to dark yellow in color as…

    • 394 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Biodiesel

    • 5767 Words
    • 24 Pages

    Policy Analysis Life-Cycle Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae ´ L A U R E N T L A R D O N , * ,† A R N A U D H E L I A S , †,‡ BRUNO SIALVE,§ JEAN-PHILIPPE STEYER,† AND OLIVIER BERNARD§ INRA, UR50 Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l’Environnement, Avenue des Etangs, 11100 Narbonne, France, Montpellier SupAgro, 2 Place Pierre Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France, and Comore, INRIA, BP93, Sophia-Antipolis Cedex 06902, France Received March 10, 2009. Revised manuscript…

    • 5767 Words
    • 24 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Biodiesel

    • 923 Words
    • 4 Pages

    is need to meet the global environmental concern about climate change, ensure energy security, reduce imports, generate employment for the poor and achieve a number of other objectives. Of the bio-energy alternatives, one exciting trend is biodiesel – the manufacture and use of diesel-like substitute from plant and animal fats. The rationale of taking up a programme for the production of bio-diesel in India for blending with diesel lies in the context of :- • Bio-diesel being a superior fuel…

    • 923 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Biodiesel

    • 333 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Coco Methyl Ester (CME)/ Biodiesel You may be perhaps heard several rumors regarding Coco methyl ester (CME) or also recognized as Biodiesel. Biodiesel is a substance that can boost and make your automobile run better. This substance comes from coconut oil and goes through into a procedure called as esterification. It is not come from a typical crude oil, which is normally being imported from different oil-producing nations. After extorting the coconut oil from copra or dried coconut meat…

    • 333 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Biodiesel

    • 1821 Words
    • 8 Pages

    purpose of this experiment was to compare biodiesel to other fuels. The ecotoxicity of biodiesel was estimated, along with that of other biofuels through the germination of seeds in the presence of different concentrations of fuels. This resulted in biodiesel having an average of 79.4% germinated seeds in a 10% solution of fuel, compared to other fuels whose percentage of germinated seeds decreased with higher concentrations of fuel. In addition, biodiesel was also synthesized and its heat of combustion…

    • 1821 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Biodiesel Incorporated

    • 311 Words
    • 2 Pages

    BIODIESEL INCORPORATED Summary Josh, Long and Hammond came up with a business idea of manufacturing and distributing biodiesel. The major generation sources, petroleum, coal, natural gas aand nuclear are non renewable resources and have detrimental effects on the environment. The petrochemical fuel industry manifest itself in the form of oil fields and reserves, pipelines, transport ships, and fuelling stations. The whole idea behind the biodiesel was that it can be produced again and it did not…

    • 311 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Biodiesel in Malaysia

    • 3273 Words
    • 14 Pages

    2 History of biodiesel around the world 2-3 History of biodiesel in Malaysia 4 Biodiesel in Malaysia 5-7 Disadvantages of biodiesel in Malaysia 8 Advantages of biodiesel in Malaysia…

    • 3273 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Importance of Biodiesel

    • 295 Words
    • 2 Pages

    IMPORTANCE OF BIODIESEL The world’s accessible oil reservoirs are gradually depleting due to a burgeoning demand of fossil fuels. Owing to the enormous dependency of transport vehicles running on gasoline engines, the development of bio-gasoline may well reduce the dependence of the fuel market on fossil fuels. Biofuel development has gained the attention of researchers in recent years owing to the rate of depletion of fossil fuels. Several processes are currently employed in the conventional…

    • 295 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Biodiesel Theory

    • 408 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Theory: In the production of biodiesel from cooking oils (glycerides) and methanol are combined with sodium hydroxide as a catalyst. This causes the oils to break apart and reaction of the oils with the methanol. As seen in Figure 1, this produces biodiesel (in the form of esters) and glycerol. Figure 1: The production of biodiesel (esters) from glyceride (cooking oils) and an alcohol (methanol). In combustion, a substance can be completely or incompletely combusted. In complete combustion,…

    • 408 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Biodiesel Ieee 2013

    • 4668 Words
    • 19 Pages

    ( Design of a Small–Scale Biodiesel Production System Jeffrey Anderson, Jessica Caceres, Ali Khazaei, Jedidiah Shirey Abstract – The city of Fredericksburg is located in central Virginia and is home to 592 farms covering 16% of the total land area. Farms in this region have experienced declining profits from an average of $555 per farm in 1997 to -$14,931 per farm in 2007. One of the ways to reduce operating costs and return to profitability is to significantly reduce diesel costs. An alternative…

    • 4668 Words
    • 19 Pages
    Best Essays