Bilingualism

Topics: Second language, Multilingualism, First language Pages: 14 (4334 words) Published: March 17, 2014
A CAUSAL – COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF BILINGUALISM IN CONTEMPORARY PHILIPPINE LITERATURE AMONG GRADE 7 STUDENTS OF ANTONIO J. VILLEGAS VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL, TONDO MANILA, SCHOOL YEAR 2013 – 2014

A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of College of Education,
Global Reciprocal Colleges, Caloocan
Philippines

In Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirements for Research 1 in English

by

ERIC D. GABON
MARVIN C. MONGAYA
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Based on the studies of historians on the history of the Philippines, there was no known record of the Philippine Education System . Before Spaniards came into the country for conquering purposes, all written records were destroyed. During pre-spanish period, education system was decentralized. Children were provided with more vocational training and fewer academic lessons. Schools were headed by parents or by their tribal tutors. Formal education began at home and by means of crude apprenticeship. Philippine Education System was changed during the Spanish period. Most education was conducted by religious orders. The first schools were operated and headed mostly by the friars and focused more on industrial and agricultural techniques. Classes were held in churches. A revolution on the educational system of the Philippines was happened during the coming of the Americans. The American regime changed the concepts through making education accessible to all. Chaplains and non-commissioned officers, sent by the U.S. government, were assigned to teach using the English as the medium of instructions in all schools, enforcing the strict use of English thet anyone caught talking in the dialect within the school premises was given a penalty either in the form of fine or reduction in the rating, regardless of the individual differences such as age, sex, religion, and socio-economic status. These teachers were professionally trained American teachers and were popularly called “Thomasites” because they came aboard the U.S. army transport Thomas. Institutionalization occurred through establishing English language as medium of communication. Thomasites added secondary schools and made elementary education free. The curriculum used was focused on practical job skill for better preparation of students for professional white-collar or skilled blue-collar works. Drop-out rate increased every school year because of the strict enforcement of using English as medium of instruction. In 1941, Japanese came to the country with a drastic change in mind to integrate Japanese culture in the Philippine Education System. Japanese Bureau of Textbooks commanded the Filipinos to delete those textbooks which had reference to the U.S. and Britain and to democratic principles for the reason of Asia for Asians policy implemented that time. The teaching of English was eliminated and was altered by the teaching of Japanese including the elementary curriculum. Panopticon is the instruction used by the students. Philippines was back to being a democratic country with a democratic government from being a puppet government when the Japanese occupation was over. In the study of Marissa D. Hermogenes, it was an issue of debate of what should be the “real national language” of the Philippines, in education, business and industry. People from the other side of the country insisted on the importance and relevance of their dialects, if identify and communication was to be concerned. Up the north of the country are the Ilocano, Tagalog, Pangasinan, and other dialects in the Mountain Provinces. Down the south are the Hiligaynon, Bikol, Ilocano, Cabuano, Maranaw, the Tagalog and other dialects in Bisayas and the Mindanao areas. The issue of which was to be adopted as the national language of the Philippines became more controversial than ever.1 Title XIV, article 93 of the 1899 Malolos Constitution, while naming Spanish as the official language, chose to prescind from the question of what to do about...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Bilingualism
  • Essay on Bilingualism
  • Effects of Bilingualism Essay
  • Bilingualism Essay
  • Cognitive Theories of Bilingualism Essay
  • Essay about The Benefits of Bilingualism
  • Bilingualism 3 Essay
  • Bilingualism and Intelligence Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free