Topics: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Developmental psychology, Jean Piaget Pages: 8 (1385 words) Published: April 27, 2013
chapter 3 Social, Moral and Emotional Development
Study Guide and Homework.
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associative play-play that is much like parallel play but with increased levels of interaction in the form of sharing, turn-taking, and general interest in what others are doing

autonomous morality- in piaget's theory of moral development, the stage at whcih a person understands that people make rules and that punishments are not automoatic.

conventional level of morality –Stages 3 and 4 in Kohlberg’s model of moral reasoning, in which individual make moral judgment in consideration of others.

cooperative play- Play in which children join together to achieve a common goal.

foreclosure-An adolescent premature establishment of an identity based on parental choice, rather than his her own desires.

heteronomous morality- In Piaget’s theory of moral development, the stage at which children think that rules are unchangeable and that breaking rules leas them automatically to punishment.

Identity achievement- A state of consolidation reflecting conscious, clear- cut decisions concerning occupation and ideology.

identity diffusion- Inability to develop a clear direction or sense of self.

moral dilemmas- In Kohlberg theory of moral reasoning, hypothetical situations that require a person t consider values of right and wrong.

moratorium- Experimentation with occupational and ideological choices without definite commitment.

parallel play- Play in which children engage in the same activity side by side but with very little interaction or mutual influence.

peers 62-People who are equal in age or status.

postconventional level of morality- Stages 5 and 6 in kohlberg’s model of moral reasoning, in which individuals make moral reasoning, in which individuals make moral judgements in relation to abstract principles.

preconventional level of morality- Stages 1 and 2, in which individuals make moral judgements in their own interests.

prosocial behaviors –Actions that show respect and caring for others.

psychosocial crisis- According to Erikson, the set of critical issues that individuals must address as they pass through each of the eight life stages.

psychosocial theory-A set of principles that relates social environment to psychosocial development.

puberty- developmental stage at which a person becomes capable of reproduction.

reflectivity- The tendency to analyze oneself and one’s own thoughts.

self-concept –A person’s perception of his or her own strengths, weaknesses, abilities, attitudes, and values.

self-esteem- The value each of us places on our own characteristics, abilities, and behaviors.

social comparison- The process of comparing oneself to others to gather information and to evaluate and jufge one’s abilities, attitudes, and conduct. solitary play- Play that occurs alone.
1 - What Are Some Views of Personal and Social Development?

Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development
Implications and Criticisms of Erikson’s Theory

2 - What Are Some Views of Moral Development?

Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development
Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Reasoning
Criticisms of Kohlberg’s Theory

3 - How Do Children Develop Socially and Emotionally?

Socioemotional Development During the Preschool Years
Socioemotional Development During the Elementary Years
Socioemotional Development During the Middle School and High School Years

Chapter 3

Multiple Choice
1)Understanding personal and social development of students at various ages is critical to your ability to: A)motivate.
C)successfully interact.
D)All of above
E)None of the above

2)Erikson hypothesized...
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