Bihar- the Urban Advent of Rural India

Topics: Bihar, Magadha, Patna Pages: 27 (8378 words) Published: April 16, 2013
Bihar is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world, with a history spanning 3,000 years.[citation needed] The immensely rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident[peacock term] from the innumerable ancient monuments spread throughout the state. Bihar is visited by scores of tourists from all over the world,[114] with around 24,000,000 (24 million) tourists visiting Bihar every year.[114] In earlier days, tourism in the region was purely based on educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda University & Vikramaśīla University.[115][116] Bihar is one of the most sacred place for various religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Islam Khanquah of Hazrat Makhdoom Monam Paak Baaz at Mittan Ghat, Patna city. Roza Sharif of Hazrat Makhdoom Syed Shat Hasan Ali Wali Azli (R.A)at Khwaja Kalan Ghat, Patna city.[117] Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site is also situated in Bihar. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna, was one of the longest river bridges in the world in early 80s. patna sahib at patna city is the birthplace of guru Gobind Singh, the last and tenth Sikh guru History of Bihar

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Outline of South Asian history
History of Indian subcontinent

Stone age (7000–3000 BC)[show]

Bronze age (3000–1300 BC)[show]

Iron age (1200–26 BC)[show]

Classical period (1–1279 AD)[show]

Late medieval age (1206–1596 AD)[show]

Early modern period (1526–1858 AD)[show]

Other states (1102–1947 AD)[show]

Colonial period (1505–1961 AD)[show]

Kingdoms of Sri Lanka[show]

Nation histories[show]

Regional histories[show]

Specialised histories[show]


The history of Bihar is one of the most varied in India. Ancient Bihar, known as Magadha, was the center of power, learning, and culture in India for 1000 years. India's first empire, the Maurya empire as well as one of the world's greatest pacifist religion, Buddhism arose from the region that now makes modern Bihar.[1] Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule.[2] Its capital Patna, earlier known as Pataliputra, was an important political, military, and economic center of Indian civilization during the ancient and classical periods of history. Many of the ancient Indian text, written outside of the religious epics, were written in ancient Bihar. Abhijñānaśākuntala was the most prominent. One of the first known republics in the world, Licchavi, existed in the region since before the birth of Mahavira (c. 599 BC).[3][4] The classical Gupta dynasty of Bihar, was known to have been a period of great culture and learning inside India. The Gupta period is known today as the Golden Age of India. The Pala Empire also made their capital at Pataliputra. After, Bihar played a very small role in Indian affairs, until the emergence of the Suri dynasty during the Islamic period in the 1540s. After the fall of the Suri dynasty in 1556, Bihar again became a marginal player in India and was the staging post for the Bengal Presidency from the 1750s and up to the war of 1857–58. On 22 March 1912, Bihar was carved out as a separate provience in the British Indian Empire. Since 1947, Bihar has been a state in the Indian Union. Contents

1 Prehistoric era
2 The Magadha Kingdom
3 The Mahajanapadas
4 The Magadha Empire
5 Middle Kingdoms
6 Medieval Period
7 The Company rule
8 The British Raj
9 Independence movement
10 Modern
11 Timeline for Bihar
12 See also
13 Gallery
14 Further reading
15 References

[edit] Prehistoric era
See also: Timeline for Bihar
The earliest proof of human activity in Bihar is Mesolithic habitational remains at Paisra, Munger. Prehistoric rock paintings have been discoveredv in hills of Kaimur, Nawada and Jamui. It was...

References: • Detail of a leaf with, The Birth of Mahavira (the 24th Jain Tirthankara), from the Kalpa Sutra, c. 1375–1400.
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