Bias

Topics: Gender, Male, Female Pages: 4 (1115 words) Published: March 9, 2014
Career Technical Education Discrimination
In 2014 there are still striking gender disparities in fields such as, guidance and counseling practices, career technical education programs, in the level and quality of classes available in traditionally male and female career technical education programs, and in the wages earned by female and male career technical education graduates. An interesting comparison of two surveys, one in Montana in 1980 and another in Virginia in 1995, illustrates a large, enduring gender gap in a critical career technical education program area. In Montana in 1980, females accounted for half of enrollment in only one high school technical education course. Female enrollment was less than 10 percent in all other high school technical education courses. While in Virginia in 1995, only one high school technical education course, Communications Technology, had about 50 percent female enrollment. In the 32 remaining high school technical education courses, female enrollment was less than 15 percent in 27 course and less than 10 percent in 17 courses (Carnevale, Smith, & Strohl, 2010). In 1995, Virginia students explained gender differences in terms that could be considered classic for career technical education. Females and males both perceived technology education classes as "guy" classes and females perceived technology education classrooms as dirty, hence “unfeminine”. Remote locations away from the core of the school building, sexist and dehumanizing comments from male students were all reasons stated by female students as reasons to not enroll. Other accounts portray similar situations in other areas of career technical education and in other places. For example, the number of female technology education students, teachers and teacher educators remain low in British Columbia. This disproportion is explained by continued recruiting inequities, a history of gendering in the field, and resistance to gender-specific interventions (Braundy,...

References: Wonacott, M. E. (2002). Equity in Career and Technical Education. Retrieved February 16,
2014, from http://www.calpro-online.org/eric/docgen.asp?tbl=mr&ID=110
Howell, R. T. (2000, Spring). Missing XX Chromosomes in Design and Technology Education.
Retrieved February 16, 2014, from http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JITE/v37n3/braundy.html
Kerka, S. (2001). Nontraditional Employment and Training. Retrieved February 16, 2014, from
http://www.calpro-online.org/eric/docgen.asp?tbl=tia&ID=153
Carnevale, A. P., Smith, N., & Strohl, J. (2010, June). Projections of Jobs and Education
Requirments Through 2018 (Rep.)
McNulty, M. (2013, April 8). Report: Women still missing from high-skill, high-wage CTE
programs
Clark, J. (2013, March 20). Women and Girls Still Missing from Career and Technical Education
in High Paying Fields, Some States Showing Progress
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