Primary-Source Text Explication & Analysis
The Bhagavada Gita, one of Brahminical Hinduism’s most beloved sacred texts, is known for being the last and greatest Upsanishadic text of its time. Bhagavada Gita translated means, “the song of the Lord” and originally was created as a poem. This writing is only a small episode from the Mahabharata, the world’s longest poem, which like Homer’s epics deals with war and heroes but at the same time deals with many philosophical and theological issues. The spiritual question from The Gita is: How a person can become one with Brahman while still functioning in this world (Andrea, Overfield 72). Although the Mahabharata is ascribed to one single poet (Vyasa), it is also noted that many other authors worked on The Bhagavad Gita over a long period of time ranging from 500-200 b.c.e. Many scholars give credit to The Vedas and The Upanishadsas being the fundamental texts of Hinduism but they also give credit to The Gita for its emphasis in self-devotion and also its philosophical outline toward life. Just as the Koran and the Bible, the intentions of The Gita were to appear timeless and applicable to all. Therefore, this writing has a limited amount of historical context when relating to what was going on in India at the time of writing. We do know that during the Classical Age in India, Hinduism was not the only religion, and that it was a great time of change for the entire continent. The passage includes the conversations between the warrior-prince Arjuna and his guide Lord Krishna as Arjuna prepares to go into battle against the Kauravas for battle of the kingdom of Hastinapura. Arjuna becomes overcome with compassion and cannot put himself up to continue the suffering. Lord Krishna, the most important of the ten incarnated Hindu gods Vishnu, tries to explain to Arjuna God’s plan and what he can do in his life. By the end of their conversation, he shows Arjuna that he is just a pawn in this world and that he should not...
Cited: Adler, Philip J., and Randall L. Pouwels. World Civilizations. Sixth ed. Vol. 1. Boston: Wadsworth, 2012. Print.
Andrea, Alfred A., and James H. Overfield. The Human Record - Sources of Global History. Seventh ed. Vol. 1. Boston: Wadsworth, 2009. Print.
Soumen De. "EAWC Essay: The Historical Context of the "Bhagavad Gita"" EAWC Essay: The Historical Context of the "Bhagavad Gita" Soumen De, 1996. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
Violatti, Chriatian. "Bhagavad Gita." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, 05 Sept. 2013. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document