Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp Essay

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Concentration Camps During the Holocaust Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp was located in north central Germany near Hanover. The camp is named after the nearby villages of Bergen and Belsen. It was created in 1939 during World War II. In 1940, a prisoner of war camp was constructed. At the camp, the conditions were harsh and extreme; abuse, disease, and starvation was very common throughout. One woman, Alice Lok Cahana, who was deported from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen in 1944, described the camp and the atmosphere of the camp as agonizing. As Alice was describing the camp, she kept making the same reference, “And Bergen-Belsen was hell on earth” (par. 1). By 1943, another camp was forming and its purpose was to hold Jews and trade them for …show more content…
The facility was at the edge of the town of Dachau near Munich in Southeastern Germany. It was opened on March 22, 1933 by the Nazi-Germany Government. At first, the camp held opponents of the Nzai Regime. Jehovah’s Witnesses, Roma (Gypsies), homosexuals, and criminals. There were not many Jews. In 1937-38, the camp was expanded with the prison labor and during that, the Jewish prisoners increased. Prisoners were used for cruel medical experiments carried out by German doctors. Other prisoners were assigned strictly to forced labor. Besides the prion labor, the SS trained at Dachau. More people were transferred to Dachau with allied forces closing in and camp became overcrowded and a Typhus epidemic broke out. Most of the people at the camp were opponents of the Nazi Regime, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Roma (Gypsies), homosexuals, criminals, eventually many Jews, and prisoners from other camps ended there. Approximately 28,000 people died there in result of starvation and disease. The United States found about 10,000 corpses. Again, they died of labor, starvation,and disease. Dachau was liberated on April 29, 1945. When it was liberated, 32,000 more bodies were found and living prisoners were let go. A memorial site for the camp opened in 1965 on the grounds where it

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