COMPOSITION AND PRESENTATION
IB, IT groups
Express one's opinion on a chosen ethical issue;
Use up-to-date information sources;
Express oneself properly orally and in written form.
Divide into groups of three (one Erasmus student per group). Choose any ethical issue and use the key questions below to help you identify and elaborate on the major ethical problems. Make a list of the groups (also indicate a selected topic) and present it to the teacher on the 8th November. Choose any media you want for the presentation (e.g., PowerPoint, printed materials, etc). Also, arrange all the information in accordance with the requirements of Business Correspondence and present the ready version on time (19th November). Assessment criteria:
Paper work is assessed in accordance with the requirements approved by VIKO which equals to 0,3 of the common mark. It includes the correctness and completeness of topic presentation, creativity, and depth of the matter. Oral presentation is evaluated separately and accordingly equals to 0,7 of the common mark.
Contemporary Ethical Issues
1. Welfare and charity. Welfare is organized charity, funneled through the collective, the government. But it raises many issues. How should we help others who are less fortunate? Can we differentiate between the "deserving poor" and the "undeserving" poor? Regarding the broader topic of welfare: General issues of responsibility are raised. When is helping someone really helping them, and when is it rescuing them and enabling their own self-defeating behavioral patterns. Can beggars be choosers? Are any "rights" implicitly forfeited by someone who receives charity? (This varies in different cultures!) For example, if offered work, is the person who is given welfare obligated to accept that job, even if they don't like that work? What if the decision as to a job being not acceptable is viewed as trivial or unworthy by others?
2. Welfare and charity. Do we have special obligations to veterans, the elderly, children, women, any minorities, any types of disability or "differently-abled" people? Should those who have been "dis-advantaged" because of past injustices, colonialist policies, slavery, etc., be given reparations?--or their descendants given reparations? What kinds?
3. Addictive Substances–Alcohol, drugs, tobacco... A. Should we consider addiction a "disease"? What does that mean in terms of the role of the alcoholic or other drug abuser? Should we collectively pay for drug treatment? If they enter rehab and relapse, should they be taken back? How many times? How much should addiction be considered a mitigating circumstance from some associated misbehavior or crime?
4. Abortion: Should abortion be allowed? Is this a religious or a legal issue? What about if the life of the mother is endangered? What if the fetus is found to be anencephalic –no functioning brain? Or if it has some other either catastrophic congenital defect? How late can an abortion be performed? 3 months? 5 months? 7 months? How early can an abortion be performed? Is the "morning-after pill?" an abortion? (I.e. before the embryo has implanted into the uterus)
5. Suicide: How should the community relate to the problem of suicide? Should there be any legal constraints at all? Might it be allowed only to stop the suffering of the terminally ill? What about people whose illnesses deprive life of its meaning–not terminal, but severely handicapped, or dying over years, but not immediately terminal. Should they be allowed to kill themselves? What about those who can't do it themselves? Should assisted suicide be allowed? What about those who can't even decide? Should euthanasia be allowed in any circumstances?
6. Parenthood: Is there a "right" to parenthood? Should we support anyone who wants to be a parent in this activity? What if they are thought to be...
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