Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Paper
January 12, 2013
University of Phoenix
There are similarities and differences when analyzing the components of biological and humanistic approaches to personality. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs express important aspects of biological factors that approaches personality. Abraham Maslow hierarchy of needs focused on a theory of human motivation, management training, and personal development. Maslow divided organismic needs into two categories of deficiency needs which are needs for survival. Maslow divided each category in to five levels. The fifth level is physiological needs that focus on the basic biological necessities such as air, food, water, sex, sleep, and shelter. The fourth level is safety needs that focus on protection, security, order, limits, and stability. The third level is belongingness and love needs that focus on family, affection, work group, and relationships with other. The second level is esteem needs focus that on achievement, status, responsibility, and reputation. The first level is self-actualization that focuses on personal growth and fulfillment which is the most important level of them all. Maslow’s view states an individual’s lower needs must be largely satisfied before higher needs can be top and important. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs discuss the extent to which growth needs influence personality formation. Biological factors that influence the formation of personality are called biological determinism which determines an individual personality by biological factors and genetic factors. Humans and nonhumans species play an important role in biological factors that influence within the broader environment context of life and the organism. Biological factors can be combined with other approaches such as environmental interactions, genes, hormones, chemicals imbalances, and brains. Some people have different aspects on human values and basic needs that...
References: Biological Aspects of Personality Chapter 5
Humanistic, Existential, and Aspects of Personality Chapter 9
Please join StudyMode to read the full document