A Beautiful Mind: Paranoid Schizophrenia
“A Beautiful Mind” is a movie that was based off a true story of the Nobel Prize winner John Nash, who suffered with schizophrenia upon entering Princeton University. Schizophrenia is not a personality disorder, but the splitting of the mind, which can cause people to hear voices, but will not change into multiple personalities. Nash’s symptoms went unnoticed during his college career, which promoted the disease to worsen over time because of the lack of treatment. In the movie Nash’s schizophrenia is easily classified with the positive symptoms of a schizophrenic such as, withdrawal from peers, hallucinations, and paranoia; these are only some of the symptoms being portrayed in the movie. Although the movie did not give a complete analysis of a schizophrenic, this film did an excellent job at conveying the daily sufferings a person with schizophrenia endured in their everyday life. John Nash showed many patterns for a classified schizophrenic. He showed signs of severe illusions, hallucinations, delusions, and paranoia. The hallucinations began in the early stages of his life at Princeton, where he had an imaginary roommate named Charles. Later in the film it was proven that Charles and his niece Marcee were strongly imagined characters caused by the schizophrenia. The delusions occurred upon graduating; John believed that he was called upon by the United States government to become a secret agent and decipher codes. Through that he met another imagined character named William Parcher, who controlled his life for several years, even promoting him to kill his wife. At the beginning of the film it is not realized that these people were imagined, until later as Nash’s paranoia overcame him. He wouldn’t attend lectures, avoided personal contact with people, and became withdrawn to his code deciphering. During a math assembly at Harvard, Nash was bombarded by Dr. Rosen, who he believed was a secret agent from the Soviet Union out to get him. He is taken to the hospital for treatment, but believed that he was being kept against his will by the Russians. After further testing it was realized that all the characters and the government work that Nash was assigned to complete were just illusions of his mind. The DMS-IV is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, which diagnoses psychiatric disorders. There are five levels of axes: Axis I is the clinical syndromes, which is the typical diagnosis. Axis II is the developmental and personality disorder. They include autism, mental retardation, paranoia, etc. Axis III contains the physical conditions, which promotes and exacerbates the development of the disorders in Axis I and II. Axis IV is the severity of the psychosocial stressors such as, the events in a person’s life, like death of a loved one, college, and marriage that can impact the disorder. Axis V is the highest level of functioning that is rated by a clinician. This will help understanding how axes I through IV are affecting the individual and what kinds of changes to expect. These are the stages that will be used to diagnose John Nash. Stated by the DSM-IV-TR (2000) a true definition of a paranoid schizophrenic is, “The Paranoid Type of Schizophrenia is the presence of prominent delusions, or hallucinations in the context of a relative preservation of cognitive functioning and affect. The delusions are typically persecutory or grandiose, or both, but delusions with other themes may also occur. The delusions may be multiple, but are usually organized around a coherent theme. Hallucinations are also typically related to the content of the delusional theme (DSM-IV-TR, 2000).” John Nash shows positive symptoms for a schizophrenic, and according to the DSM-IV-TR (2000) a positive schizophrenic shows a distortion of normal functions such as, thinking which causes delusions, perception which causes hallucinations and illusions, and...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document