P.O. Box 342-01000 Thika
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC MANAGEMENT
Course Code: BDS112
Course Title: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Course code BDS 112
Course title: Community Development
Purpose: To introduce the students to the community development principles and concepts in order to equip them with knowledge to enable them appreciate and understand communities and how development is achieved at this level.
Course Objectives: By the end of the course, the students should be able to: 1. Understand the theoretical basis of community development and how this is applied to development work. 2. Appreciate and list the roles and responsibilities of the community development workers within the context of developing countries.
3. Be knowledgeable on the various models of community development and what is entailed in community participation.
4. Have understanding of the way in which community development workers work. Contents: Theoretical Understanding of Community Development- definitions, features and characteristics of community development, activities and role of community development workers. Community needs assessment- definition, criteria, process factors for group mobilization, models of community mobilization community participation, characteristics, spontaneous social action model and empowerment. References
1. Wikipedia website, Aug 2008)
2. An Action Plan for Community Empowerment: Building on Success published October 2007). 3. FCDL(2005), A summary of Good Practice Standards for Community Development Work, Sheffield. www.fcdl.org.uk.
4. Harris, V.(2006), Community Development Work Learning in London. Sheffield FCDL. 5. Brokensha and Hodege, (1969) in Midgley et al (1986), Community Participation, Social Development and the State. Methuen, London and New York.
6. Dore, R.and Mars Z. (eds) 1981, Community Development, London. Crown Helm. 7. UNCHS (1987), The role of Community Participation in Human Settlements Work, Nairobi. 2
I) WHAT IS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT?
What is community development?
The concept of community development is defined by scholars such as Parsons and Sanders as a social system, composed of people living in some spatial relationships who share common facilities and services having a common psychological identification having common symbols and also sharing a common communication network.
Community development is a set of values and practices which plays a special role in overcoming poverty and disadvantage, knitting society together at the grassroots and deepening democracy.
Community development is a structured intervention that gives communities greater control over the conditions that affect their lives. This does not involve all the problems faced by a local community but it does build up confidence to tackle such problems as effectively as any local action can. Community development works at the level of local groups and organizations rather than with individuals or families. The range of local groups and organizations representing communities at local level constitutes the community sector.
Community development is a skilled process and part of its approach is the belief that communities cannot be helped unless they themselves agree to this process. Community development has to look both ways: not only at how the community is working at the grass roots but also at how responsive key institutions are to the needs of local communities.
It is crucially concerned with issues of powerlessness and disadvantage: as such it should involve all members of society and offers a practice that is part of a process of social change.
It is about the active involvement of people in the issues which affect their lives; it is based on the sharing of power, skills, knowledge and experience.
Community development takes place both in neighborhoods and within communities of interest as...
References: 1. Wikipedia website, Aug 2008)
3. FCDL(2005), A summary of Good Practice Standards for Community Development Work, Sheffield.
4. Harris, V.(2006), Community Development Work Learning in London. Sheffield FCDL.
5. Brokensha and Hodege, (1969) in Midgley et al (1986), Community Participation, Social Development
and the State
7. UNCHS (1987), The role of Community Participation in Human Settlements Work, Nairobi.
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