Bauhaus Esay

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Topics: Bauhaus
By Andrew Ologunebi

This was Bauhaus when was produced with pre-industrial methods which included woodwork, weaving, and stained glasses. This made Gropius worried that the Bauhaus was not good enough and good enough for the market so he decided that the Bauhaus would only create designs for mass production, simplistic designs that can be essential to everyone. This caused him to fire Itten and employ artists like Wassily Kandinsky. Paul Klee and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, who reflected more modern styles in their designs and were interested in designing and producing the Bauhaus at an industrial level. Early Bauhaus designs include: • The 1923 model for public housing designed by Benita Otte • The geometric tour de force of Marianne Brandt’s teapot in 1924 • Herbert Bayer’s universal typeface in 1926 • Breuer’s Cesca chairs which utilised steel tubes in 1928 The Bauhaus’s latest concentration on technology was disapproved by the Weimar Government which caused Gropius to relocate the school to Dessau, an industrial town near Berlin, in 1925. Gropius designed the popular Bauhaus building while in Dessau. It had an industrial aesthetic with concrete and steel things we now recognise as the foundation of modern architecture. Old students like Josef Albers, Breuer and Brandt took the position of young masters and they advertised the Bauhaus philosophy of simplistic fusion of aesthetics of function. Gropius resigned from the Bauhaus in 1928 which caused political problems. In 1930, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was employed by Dessau an he was obedient to government legislations and expelled communist students. After the Nazi came into power in 1932, the Bauhaus was closed down within a month. Mies temporarily moved the school to Berlin but the Bauhaus was still a prime target for the Nazi’s. Several Bauhaus artists were killed by Germans. It was in America that Bauhaus became most successful after the Black Mountain College in North Carolina was established in part on Bauhaus

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