Bauhaus – Words(1057)
Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius in 1919 and was one of the first schools of design. He had three main aims for the school which were, ‘craftsmen should be taught to use skills in all arts and not in isolation, to raise the profile of these crafts to the same standards as the Fine Arts and to communicate directly with the public and industry.’(Style By Design 2011, p. 1). Bauhaus was a school of art, architecture and design. The school had three venues, all in different German cities during its lifetime. The first building situated in Weimar and ran from 1919 to 1925. The next building was in Dessau and ran from 1925 to 1932. The last building was situated in Berlin and ran from 1932 to 1933 when it was shut down due to pressures from the Nazi government. There was an effort by László Moholy-Nagy to continue the Bauhaus in Chicago in the late 1930’s. This was administered by Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius. The school was first called The New Bauhaus and eventually became known as the Institute of Design as it was part of the Illinois Institute of Technology. Due to the Bauhaus’s many cities and its changing leadership it experienced many changes in its vision and outcomes. The school however kept one main goal which it concentrated on throughout its existence, this was to combine crafts with technology and art. Walter Gropius coined the term Bauhaus as an inversion of the word meaning ‘house construction’ or ‘Hausbau’. Gropius taught at Bauhaus from 1919 to 1928 and taught his students to focus on functional craftsmanship and designs that could be mass produced. He also turned the Bauhaus into a mini-commune for his students at the Dessau campus which was designed with three wings for teaching, working and living areas. Before you could become a student at the Bauhaus it was required that you take a six month preliminary course that taught painting and elementary experiments with form. After this preparation course,...
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