The battle of the bulge
The battle of the bulge was Hitler's last chance to win the war or at least make the allies go for a treaty. He did this because his forces were being pushed back into Germany and soon they would run out of supplies and other resources for war. Hitler thought of this bold plain when he recalled how a German hero Frederick the great was facing defeat, Frederick went on a offensive attack at his foe who had superior numbers but the bold moved worked and Hitler thought he could do the same thing.
The Battle of the bulge took place on December sixteenth 1944. More than a million men participated in this battle including some 600,000 Germans, 500,000 Americans, and 55,000 British which made it one of the biggest battles of the war. It happened at the same place were the Germans first crossed over to attack France the Ardennes forest . The allies who were stationed there called it a ghost front because there was never any fighting so the allies sent their new solders and the tired battered solders here .
The Germans mobilized at this last chance they had to win the war and if they would lose this battle Hitler wanted all the Germans left in Germany to all burn any thing useful in Germany and every one to move to Berlin were all the German people would fight to the death. The Germans needed to cut the American forces in to two parts, this way the could easily be destroyed because the allies all ready had a tough time supplying all the troops and Hitler new that if they took control of Antwerp he would have a chance against the allies.
Hitler felt he had enough of the resources he would need to win the battle. The main things that the Germans were hoping for was bad weather so that the allies planes could not get off the ground and support the allies and fire upon the German forces the other main thing the Germans needed was complete surprise. Hitler was mobilizing a task force of 500,000 Germans solders which included tanks special spies and many others. The allies at this time was slowly pushing its way through the Ardennes Forest and into Germany they also were pushing into the Belgium Boarder. But they were having a tough time getting past the maginot line in France.
The allies had a force of 600,000 American solders And 55,000 British solders. Hitler hoped to surprise the Allies off guard and quickly separate the army. The Germans decided to pushed through this area because they felt this was the least likely of a place the Americans thought would be attacked thus assault the Allies off guard. It was the place were they had great success against the French people in the beginning of the war. The Germans also selected it because it was easy to hide troops in the hills which they did at the first major offensive. Hitler code-named this attack as the "watch am Rein" The Americans the area were in a thin line because they wanted to give support to the flank were the attack was expected so they thought.
During the War Eisenhower and his staff felt this spot was the least likely to be attacked. The thought the Germans would not try any thing through the narrow passageway. The Germans wanted the opposite of what the Americans wanted to do. As stated above the Allied troops were 'resting' and reforming; they consisted of General Simpson's 9th Army and General Hodges 1st US Army in the north and General Patton's 3rd Army to the south. The Ardennes was held by General Middleton who had the 8th US Army Corps, 106th and 26th Infantry Divisions and 4th and 9th Armored Divisions.
The object of the German offensive was to push through the Belgian Ardennes, cross the Mousse, retake Antwerp and its harbor facilities, thrust to the north and reach the sea which they almost succeed in doing. This would cut off the Allied troops in Holland and Belgium, making it impossible for them to withdraw. The success of the operation depended on three important parts, the speed of the initial...
Chris Meyers, July 25, 1996, "The Battle of the Bulge-An Ardennes Christmas", [World Wide Web], http://www.cyberplus.ca/~chrism/bulge.htm
D. Reinbol, April 4, 1997, "The Battle of the Bulge", [World Wide Web], http://gpu.srv.ualberta.ca/~dreinbol/bulge.html
John Kline, January 1, 1997, "The Battle of the Bulge", [World Wide Web], http://www.mm.com/user/jpk/battle.htm
Chris Meyers, July 25, 1996, "The Battle of the Bulge-Hitlers Last Gamble", [World Wide Web], http://www.cs.uwindsor.ca/60-205/kingp/page.6htm
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