Battle of Shiloh 1862
The purpose of this paper is to explain the two day battle, which has become known as the Battle of Shiloh. It will show how the battle began and how it ended, as well as the commanders of the Union forces and the Confederate forces. It will show how this battle, up to this time became one of the bloodiest battles on both sides. Information was collected from two sources online and from a book that describes the battle. I was surprise to learn that if Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston was not killed during this battle he could have been the overall Commander of the Confederate Army. I also was surprised in the fact that Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was almost relieved of command. Keywords: Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant Battle of Shiloh 1862
On 06 April 1862, at Pittsburg landing in Hardin County, TN. A two day battle started between the Union Army, commanded by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and the Confederate Army, commanded by Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston. Up to this point the major battles had been low in comparison with wounded and killed. It was a chance meeting between the two Armies at first, with only the Confederates knowing where the Union camp was. During the battle, the highest officer on either side was killed when Gen. Johnston was shot in his left leg in which he bleed to death with a severed popliteal artery. Once this happened, Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard took command of the Confederate forces. Once in command Gen. Beauregard didn’t know that Grant had been reinforced by Maj. Gen Don Carlos Buell and in the end turned the tide of battle. Commanders
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was in command of the Union Army of Tennessee and was ordered by Maj. Gen Henry W. Halleck to invade up the Tennessee River, reaching Fort Henry. Once there Grant was to turn over his command to Maj. Gen C.F. Smith (Wikipedia). Grant took up positions at Pittsburg landing, and had about six divisions which...
References: Arnold, J.R. 2001. Shiloh 1862: The Death of Innocence , Pages 1 - 96.
civilwar.org, 2010. Battle of Shiloh, Web. 16 November 2013
Wikipedia.com, 2008. Battle of Shiloh, Web. 16 November 2013
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