Basketball

Topics: Basketball, National Basketball Association, International Basketball Federation Pages: 31 (10405 words) Published: March 2, 2014
Basketball
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the sport. For the ball used in the sport, see Basketball (ball). For other uses, see Basketball (disambiguation). Page semi-protected
Basketball
Jordan by Lipofsky 16577.jpg
Michael Jordan goes for a slam dunk at the old Boston Garden Highest governing bodyFIBA
First played1891, Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
Characteristics
ContactContact
Team members10-20 (5 on court)
Mixed genderSingle
CategorizationIndoor (mainly) or Outdoor (Streetball)
EquipmentBasketball
Presence
OlympicDemonstrated in the 1904 and 1924 Summer Olympics
Part of the Summer Olympic program since 1936
Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter and 10 feet (3.0 m) high mounted to a backboard at each end. Basketball is one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports.[1] A team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket during regular play. A field goal scores two points for the shooting team if a player is touching or closer to the basket than the three-point line, and three points (known commonly as a 3 pointer or three) if the player is behind the three-point line. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but additional time (overtime) may be issued when the game ends with a draw. The ball can be advanced on the court by bouncing it while walking or running or throwing it to a team mate. It is a violation to move without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling. Violations are called "fouls". A personal foul is penalized, and a free throw is usually awarded to an offensive player if he is fouled while shooting the ball. A technical foul may also be issued when certain infractions occur, most commonly for unsportsmanlike conduct on the part of a player or coach. A technical foul gives the opposing team a free throw, and the opposing team also retains possession of the ball. As well as many techniques for shooting, passing, dribbling and rebounding, basketball has specialized player positions and offensive and defensive structures (player positioning). Typically, the tallest members of a team will play "center", "power forward" or "small forward" positions, while shorter players or those who possess the best ball handling skills and speed play "point guard" or "shooting guard". Contents [hide]

1 History
1.1 Creation
1.2 College basketball
1.3 High school basketball
1.4 Professional basketball
1.5 International basketball
1.6 Women's basketball
2 Rules and regulations
2.1 Playing regulations
2.2 Equipment
2.3 Violations
2.4 Fouls
3 Common techniques and practices
3.1 Positions
3.2 Strategy
3.3 Shooting
3.4 Rebounding
3.5 Passing
3.6 Dribbling
3.7 Blocking
4 Height
5 Variations and similar games
6 Social forms of basketball
7 Fantasy basketball
8 See also
9 References
10 Further reading
11 External links
History

Main article: History of basketball
Creation

The first basketball court: Springfield College
In early December 1891, Canadian American Dr. James Naismith,[2] a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School[3] (YMCA) (today, Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA), was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot (3.05 m) elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, and balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored; this proved inefficient, however, so the...


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General references
National Basketball Association (2001)
International Basketball Federation (June 2004). Official Basketball Rules.
Reimer, Anthony (June 2005). "FIBA vs North American Rules Comparison". FIBA Assist (14): 40–44.
Bonsor, Kevin. "How Basketball Works: Who 's Who". HowStuffWorks. Archived from the original on January 1, 2006. Retrieved January 11, 2006.
Further reading
Adolph H, Grundman (2004)
Batchelor, Bob (2005). Basketball in America: from the playgrounds to Jordan 's game and beyond. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7890-1613-3.
Brown, Donald H (2007). A Basketball Handbook. AuthorHouse. ISBN 978-1-4259-6190-9.
Forrest C, Allen (1991). All you wanted to know about Basketball. Sterling publishing. ISBN 81-207-2576-X.
Grundy, Pamela; Susan Shackelford (2005). Shattering the glass: the remarkable history of women 's basketball. New Press. ISBN 1-56584-822-5.
Herzog, Brad (2003). Hoopmania: The Book of Basketball History and Trivia. Rosen Pub. Group. ISBN 0-8239-3697-X.
Simmons, Bill (2009). The book of basketball: the NBA according to the sports guy. Ballantine/ESPN Books. ISBN 978-0-345-51176-8.
Naismith, James (1941 "1996"). Basketball: its origin and development. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-8370-9.
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