Basic Concept of Textile

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Topics: Weaving, Textile
INTRODUCTION TO WEAVING & KNITTING

YARN
Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and rope-making.

TYPES OF YARN
• Spun yarn is made by twisting or otherwise bonding staple fibre together to make a cohesive(solid) thread. Twisting fibres into yarn in the process called spinning • Filament yarn consists of filament fibres (very long continuous fibres) either twisted together or only grouped together. • Texturized yarns are made by a process of air texturizing, which combines multiple filament yarns into a yarn with some of the characteristics of spun yarns.

WEAVING
Weaving is the textile art in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads, called the warp and the filling or weft (older woof), are interlaced with each other to form a fabric or cloth. The warp threads run lengthways of the piece of cloth, and the weft runs across from side to side.

TYPES OF WEAVE
The manner in which the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is known as the weave. Different types of weaves are as follows: • Plain weave • Satin weave &
• Twill Weaving involves the interlacing of two sets of threads at right angles to each other: the warp and the weft.

PLAIN WEAVE

plain weave also called tabby weave or taffeta weave is strong and hardwearing, used for fashion and furnishing fabrics. In plain weave, the warp and weft form a simple criss-cross pattern. Each weft thread crosses the warp threads by going over one, then under the next, and so on. The next weft thread goes under the warp threads that its neighbour went over, and vice versa.

Structure of plain-woven fabric

TYPES OF PLAIN WEAVE
• Balanced plain weaves are fabrics in which the warp and weft are made of threads of the same weight (size) and the same number of ends per inch as picks per inch.
• Basket weave is a variation of plain weave in which two or more threads are

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