Barack Obama: Founding Member Of The Board Of Directors Of Public Allies In 1992

Topics: Barack Obama, Democratic Party, United States Senate Pages: 33 (12427 words) Published: June 9, 2008
Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. (pronounced /bəˈrɑːk hʊˈseɪn oʊˈbɑːmə/; born August 4, 1961) is the junior United States Senator from Illinois and the presumptive nominee of the Democratic Party in the 2008 presidential election. He is the first African American to be the presumptive presidential nominee of any major American political party.

A graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, Obama worked as a community organizer, served as a law school professor, and also worked as a political activist and lawyer before serving in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004. Following an unsuccessful bid for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 2000, he announced his campaign for the U.S. Senate in January 2003. After winning a landslide primary victory in March 2004, Obama delivered the keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in July 2004. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in November 2004 with 70% of the vote.

As a member of the Democratic minority in the 109th Congress, he cosponsored legislation to control conventional weapons and to promote greater public accountability in the use of federal funds. He also made official trips to Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. In the current 110th Congress, he has sponsored legislation regarding lobbying and electoral fraud, climate change, nuclear terrorism, and care for returned U.S. military personnel. Since announcing his presidential campaign in February 2007, Obama has emphasized ending the war in Iraq, increasing energy independence, decreasing the influence of lobbyists, and providing universal health care as top national priorities.

Early life and career
Main article: Early life and career of Barack Obama
Obama was born on August 4, 1961, at the Kapiolani Medical Center in Honolulu, Hawaii, to Barack Obama, Sr., of Nyangoma-Kogelo, Siaya District, Kenya, and Ann Dunham, of Wichita, Kansas, who was largely descended from pre-revolutionary British settlers to the United States, although her great-great-grandfather Falmouth Kearney emigrated from Ireland in the mid 19th century.[1][2] His parents met while both were attending the University of Hawaii at Manoa, where his father was enrolled as a foreign student.[3] They separated when he was two years old and later divorced.[4] After her divorce, Dunham married Lolo Soetoro, and the family moved to Soetoro's home country of Indonesia in 1967, where Obama attended local schools in Jakarta until he was ten years old.[2] He then returned to Honolulu to live with his maternal grandparents while attending Punahou School from the fifth grade until his graduation from high school in 1979.[5]

Following high school, Obama moved to Los Angeles, where he studied at Occidental College for two years.[6] He then transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he majored in political science with a specialization in international relations.[7] Obama graduated with a B.A. from Columbia in 1983, then worked at Business International Corporation and New York Public Interest Research Group.[8][9]

After four years in New York City, Obama moved to Chicago to work as a community organizer for three years from June 1985 to May 1988 as director of the Developing Communities Project (DCP), a church-based community organization originally comprising eight Catholic parishes in Greater Roseland (Roseland, West Pullman, and Riverdale) on Chicago's far South Side.[8][10] During his three years as the DCP's director, its staff grew from 1 to 13 and its annual budget grew from $70,000 to $400,000, with accomplishments including helping set up a job training program, a college preparatory tutoring program, and a tenants' rights organization in Altgeld Gardens.[11] Obama also worked as a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel Foundation, a community organizing institute.[12] In summer 1988, he traveled for the first time to Europe for three weeks then Kenya for five weeks where he met many of his...

References: ^ Obama (1995), pp. 9–10. For book excerpts, see "Barack Obama: Creation of Tales", East African, November 1, 2004. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
^ Obama (1995), pp
^ Serafin, Peter. "Punahou Grad Stirs Up Illinois Politics", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, March 21, 2004. Retrieved on 2008-04-13. See also: Obama (1995), Chapters 3 and 4.
^ Oxy Remembers "Barry" Obama '83
^ Boss-Bicak, Shira. "Barack Obama '83", Columbia College Today, January 2005. Retrieved on 2008-06-09.
^ a b c d e f Chassie, Karen (ed.) (2007)
^ Scott, Janny. "Obama 's Account of New York Years Often Differs from What Others Say", The New York Times, October 30, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-04-13. Obama (1995), pp. 133–140; Mendell (2007), pp. 62–63.
^ Secter, Bob; McCormick, John
^ Obama (1995), pp. 299–437.
^ Levenson, Michael; Jonathan Saltzman
^ White, Jesse (ed.) (2000). Illinois Blue Book, 2000, Millennium ed.. Springfield, IL: Illinois Secretary of State, p. 83. OCLC 43923973. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.
^ Jarrett, Vernon
^ "Law Graduate Obama Got His Start in Civil Rights Practice", Associated Press, International Herald Tribune, February 19, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-01-04.
^ a b Moran, Dan
^ Public Allies (2008). Fact Sheet on Public Allies’ History with Senator Barack and Michelle Obama. Public Allies. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.
^ Jackson, David; Ray Long
^ Helman, Scott. "Early Defeat Launched a Rapid Political Climb", Boston Globe, October 12, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
^ Davey, Monica
^ Wallace-Wells, Ben. "Obama 's Narrator", The New York Times Magazine, April 1, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
^ Davey, Monica
^ "Ryan Drops Out of Senate Race in Illinois", CNN, June 25, 2004. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
^ Bernstein, David
^ Obama, Barack (July 27, 2004). Keynote Address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention (text or video). Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
^ Archibold, Randal C
^ Lannan, Maura Kelly. "Alan Keyes Enters U.S. Senate Race in Illinois Against Rising Democratic Star", Associated Press, Union-Tribune (San Diego), August 9, 2004. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
^ Liam, Ford; David Mendell
^ "America Votes 2004: U.S. Senate / Illinois", CNN. Retrieved on 2008-04-13. Slevin, Peter. "For Obama, a Handsome Payoff in Political Gambles", The Washington Post, November 13, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
^ About Barack Obama
^ Member Info. Congressional Black Caucus. Retrieved on 2008-04-27. See also: Zeleny, Jeff. "When It Comes to Race, Obama Makes His Point—With Subtlety", Chicago Tribune, June 26, 2005. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ U.S
^ President Bush Signs Secure Fence Act. White House (October 26, 2006). Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ President Bush Signs Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act
^ McIntire, Mike. "Nuclear Leaks and Response Tested Obama in Senate", The New York Times, February 3, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ Dobbs, Michael
^ Democratic Republic of the Congo. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (April 2006). Retrieved on 2008-04-27. The IRC Welcomes New U.S. Law on Congo. International Rescue Committee (January 5, 2007). Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ Weixel, Nathaniel
^ Graham-Silverman, Adam. "Despite Flurry of Action in House, Congress Unlikely to Act Against Iran", CQ Today, September 12, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ a b Obama, Schiff Provision to Create Nuclear Threat Reduction Plan Approved
^ Senate Passes Obama, McCaskill Legislation to Provide Safety Net for Families of Wounded Service Members. Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office (August 2, 2007). Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ Nunn–Lugar Report
^ Committee Assignments (archive). Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office (2006-12-09). Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ Obama Gets New Committee Assignments
^ Baldwin, Tom. "Stay-At-Home Barack Obama Comes Under Fire for a Lack of Foreign Experience", Sunday Times (UK), December 21, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ Larson, Christina
^ Goudie, Chuck. "Obama Meets with Arafat 's Successor", WLS-TV, January 12, 2006. Retrieved on 2008-04-27.
^ "Obama Slates Kenya for Fraud",, August 28, 2006
^ "Presidential Campaign Announcement" (video), Obama for America, Brightcove.TV, February 10, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-01-14.
^ "Barack Obama at the DNC Winter 2007 Meeting" (video), Democratic National Committee, February 2, 2007
^ Cummings, Jeanne. "Small Donors Rewrite Fundraising Handbook", Politico, September 26, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-01-14.
^ Cadei, Emily
^ Newton-Small, Jay. "Obama (Sort of) Takes the Gloves Off", Time, October 28, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-01-14.
Nagourney, Adam; Jeff Zeleny
^ Balz, Dan; Shailagh Murray. "On Campaign Bus, Obama Opens Up About Challengers", The Washington Post, November 9, 2007. Retrieved on 2008-01-14.
^ 2008 Democratic Delegates
^ Dan Morain. "Obama sets fundraising record with $55 million", Los Angeles Times, March 7, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
^ Brian Knowlton
^ "Results: March 4 - Multi-State Events", CNN, 2008-03-04. Retrieved on 2008-03-04.
^ a b Brian Ross; Rehab el-Buri
^ Jeff Goldblatt. "Obama’s Pastor’s Sermon: ‘God Damn America’", FOXNews, March 14, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-04-04.
^ Johnson, Alex
^ Barack Obama. "Remarks by Barack Obama: 'A More Perfect Union '", The Christian Science Monitor, March 18, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
^ "Reverend Wright at the National Press Club", CQ Transcriptions, The New York Times, April 28, 2008
^ Obama denounces former pastor. The Associated Press. (April 29, 2008). Retrieved on 2008-05-14.
^ "Obama resigns from controversial church", CNN, May 31, 2008
^ "Obama quits church after long controversy", MSNBC, June 1, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-06-05.
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