Module name Research Skills Analysis
Dr. Nicole Gross
Number of words
Sham Kamat 1769158
CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION
The Purpose of this study to investigates relationship dimensions and studies the differences in perception o
f customers with respect to services provided by five Indian banks. The relationship dimensions which lead to customer satisfaction have been identified. This study reports on the different satisfaction levels of customers of private and public sector banks with respect to the services provided by their banks.
1.1 HISTORY OF THE BANKING SECTOR
Banking in India originated in the last decades of the 18th century. The first banks were The General Bank of India which started in 1786, and the Bank of Hindustan, both of which are now defunct. The oldest bank in existence in India is the State Bank of India, which originated in the Bank of Calcutta in June 1806, which almost immediately became the Bank of Bengal. This was one of the three presidency banks, the other two being the Bank of Bombay and the Bank of Madras, all three of which were established under charters from the British East India Company. For many years the Presidency banks acted as quasi-central banks, as did their successors. The three banks merged in 1921 to form the Imperial Bank of India, which, upon India's independence, became the State Bank of India. Indian merchants in Calcutta established the Union Bank in 1839, but it failed in 1848 as a consequence of the economic crisis of 1848-49. The Allahabad Bank, established in 1865 and still functioning today, is the oldest Joint Stock bank in India. It was not the first though. That honor belongs to the Bank of Upper India, which was established in 1863, and which survived until 1913, when it failed, with some of its assets and liabilities being transferred to the Alliance Bank of Simla. Foreign banks too started to arrive, particularly in Calcutta, in the 1860s. The Comptoire d'Escompte de Paris opened a branch in Calcutta in 1860, and another in Bombay in 1862; branches in Madras and Pondichery, then a French colony, followed. HSBC established itself in Bengal in 1869. Calcutta was the most active trading port in India, mainly due to the trade of the British Empire, and so became a banking center. The first entirely Indian joint stock bank was the Oudh Commercial Bank, established in 1881 in Faizabad. It failed in 1958. The next was the Punjab National Bank, established in Lahore in 1895, which has survived to the present and is now one of the largest banks in India. The period between 1906 and 1911, saw the establishment of banks inspired by the Swadeshi movement. The Swadeshi movement inspired local businessmen and political figures to found banks of and for the Indian community. A number of banks established then have survived to the present such as Bank of India, Corporation Bank, Indian Bank, Bank of Baroda, Canara Bank and Central Bank of India.
1.2 EMERGING TRENDS IN BANKING SECTOR
The liberalization process initiated by the government about a decade ago has changed the landscape of several sectors of the Indian economy. The financial sector like other sectors is also going through major changes as a consequence of economic reforms. The consumption-led boom in India has fuelled robust demand for financial products especially in the banking domain. Emerging competition has generated new expectations from existing and new customers. There is an urgent need to introduce new and more attractive customer-friendly products and services. The banking sector presently is at an inflexion point. Existing products need to be delivered in an innovative and cost-effective manner by taking full advantage of emerging technologies. Technology has swiftly become a business...
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