Readymade Garments (RMG) is the main foreign exchange earning sector of Bangladesh. At the same time this labor intensive sector is very important to address the demands of occupation of a huge population. Reputation of this sector is high which underpins the success of this sector. But in recent times the growth and existence of this sector came under threat when this sector faced severe labor unrest. Due to the labor unrest there has been huge loss of production, and some of the factories were ruined by protesters, several laborers were killed, and lot of labors were injured and arrested. It is said that there were legitimate demand of the laborers which should have been addressed by the owners. But these demands were not addressed which created the grievance of the laborers. In course of time these grievance bolstered the unrest. On the other hand, some laborers were not sincere and honest to their job and responsibilities. These laborers involved themselves in the destruction of their own industries. While most of the researchers addressed the reasons of that unrest, in this research the probable solution of that problem has been addressed by collecting stakeholders’ perceptions through questionnaires. It has been found that to address the grievances and to consider the limitations of the financial capacity of the owners a bridging mechanism, labor union, between laborers and owner is needed. Moreover, it was found that most of the respondents think that labor union can be used as a tool to mitigate the risks of labor unrest in RMG sector of Bangladesh. Introduction
From the starting of industrial economy trade union is the most common figure in a country. Trade unions are the controller of the labor force of an industry which works for the betterment of the country’s trade by ensuring the right of the labor force. The economic importance of trade unions in developing countries is not commensurate with the size of their membership. The behavior of Bangladeshi trade unions is characterized by political activism, and momentous strikes, called hartals there, have played a crucial part in most political changes in this country. In Bangladesh, the share of the active population concerned by unionization was officially estimated between 3 and 4 % in 1992. However, this figure is largely irrelevant for an evaluation of their power, as the urban population was only about 18 % of the total Bangladeshi population in 1995, and virtually no trade unions exist in the rural sector. Within the urbanite working population, and especially in the formal sector, the picture is quite different. Almost 100 % of the workers and employees of the public sector are unionized, while one out of six of the wage earners in the private formal sector are unionized. The aim of this discussion is to provide a simple theoretical framework for analyzing this dimension of trade union activity, and to test its main implication in the case of Bangladesh.
Different scholars have defined a trade union in different ways. Sydney and Beatrice Webb have defined a trade union as “a continuous association of wage earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their working lives”. A trade union is also called as a labor union. A labor union is an organization of workers who have banned or unified together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union, through its voluntary; bargains with the employer on behalf of the union members and collective bargain with the employers. This may include the negotiation of working conditions like wages, rules, time, job security etc. the agreements are strictly negotiated by the union leader on behalf of the whole trade union with the employers. In some cases non member workers also bargain with the employer.
Worker's rights situation Now-a-days
Workers' rights are highly violated in the country. Mass people are not aware of the rights of working people....
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