Balance in the Administration of Justice and Security - Paper

Topics: Transportation Security Administration, Police, United States Department of Homeland Security Pages: 5 (1882 words) Published: June 22, 2010

University of Phoenix
Balance in the Administration of Justice and Security
Michelle Cleaton
CJA 550 Legal Issues in Justice and Security
Professor: Brenda F. Ward, JD
December 20, 2009

Justice and security have issues that affect them in their day-to-day operations. The issues have to balance to ensure no violated rights. What are the cumulative issues concerning the legal environment in when justice and security administrations operate? How does the change in technology and mass communication affect justice and security areas? How are the issues involving an individual’s rights versus the needs of the justice system and security maintain order and public safety? How does the evolution of justice and security over the 21st Century best balance rights and freedoms with vigilance and sufficient authority to protect the citizenry in a free society while respecting Constitutional guarantees concerning individual rights? Issues concerning the legal environment are numerous, especially when you are looking at how justice and security administrations operate. Just who are legal or security administrators? A legal or security administrator is someone who fills a non-attorney employee or office manager position and is responsible for overall day-to-day operations. They are responsible for ensuring the delivery of services by supervising staff and identifying and developing business opportunities. They also work within law departments and handle many responsibilities other than substantive legal work or assignments of it. Those who work in the administrative side of law enforcement and security have to ensure they are not violating the rights of the victim or criminal when they are working on cases. Travel is one of the big issues that justice and security administrators have to deal with on a day-to-day basis. The legal environment of airport security and border crossings has been in the news for months now. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and Immigration and Naturalization (INS) have their hands full when it comes to travel. TSA just hosted a conference in August, with their European counterparts, and discussed the increasing of baggage screenings, better security checkpoints and employee security procedures. INS is also working on issues with border crossings. Now if you want to travel into Mexico or Canada, you are required to have a passport; however, going to those countries do not require you to have one to enter. The INS has updated the citizenship test to ensure candidates are indeed remembering the facts. In fact, TSA has reestablished the Federal Air Marshall Service after September 11 to ensure the safety of our aircraft while flying. All these law agencies, however still have to ensure they are not violating the rights of those traveling. Technology and mass communication changes almost daily but in the past this was not true. Indeed these changes have affected many small counties and towns because they do not have the revenue to keep up with the changes. These changes affect how our emergency response and law enforcement respond to calls. In fact, Homeland Security, in conjunction with the United States General Accounting Office (GAO) has been looking into this problem since 2003. The ineffectiveness existed long before September 11 according to their findings. The government has many agencies looking into the problems with the wireless communications in particular. “The interoperability issues that the nation faces today did not arise overnight and they will not be successfully addressed overnight. Federal, state, and local governments face several major challenges in addressing interoperability in their wireless communications (United States General Accounting Office, 2003, para 8). They listed three challenges that need met in order to meet the goals. The first challenge is to clearly identify...

References: United States General Accounting Office (2003, November 6). Homeland Security: Challenges in Achieving Interoperable Communications for First Responders (GAO-04-231T). Retrieved December 20, 2009, from
Transportation Security Administration. (2009, August 7). TSA Hosts Global Security Conference. Retrieved 20 December, 2009 from
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