Badminton: Tennis and Service Court

Pages: 9 (2699 words) Published: August 22, 2013
BADMINTON
Overview
Badminton is a racket sport that is played on a court divided by a net five feet high. The game is played with a shuttlecock (“bird”).
Can be played as singles or doubles.
The object of the game is to hit the shuttlecock over the net so that eventually the opponent is unable to return the shot.

History
A form of sport played in ancient Greece and Egypt.
The beginnings of Badminton can be traced to mid-18th century British India. Initially, balls of wool referred as ball badminton but ultimately the shuttlecock stuck. The International Badminton Federation (IBF) (now known as Badminton World Federation) was established in 1934. Was first contested as an official Olympic sport at the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, Spain.

Governing Body: Badminton World Federation
The Badminton World Federation (BWF) is the international governing body for the sport badminton. Founded in 1934 as the International Badminton Federation with nine member nations: Canada, Denmark, England, France, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales: the BWF has since expanded to 169 member nations around the world. On September 24, 2006, at the Extraordinary General Meeting in Madrid, it was decided to adopt the new name Badminton World Federation (BWF).

Its head office was located in Cheltenham, UK since its founding, but on October 1, 2005, it was relocated to Kuala Lumpur. Its current president is Poul-Erik Hover Larsen. Equipment
Racquets: are lightweight (70-95 grams), not including grip or strings. They are composed of many different materials (carbon fibre composite aluminium, wood). Strings: The optimum tension for power depends on the player String tension is normally in the range of 80 N (recreational players) to 160 N (professionals). Grip: The choice of grip allows a player to increase the thickness of his racquet handle and choose a comfortable surface to hold. There are two main types of grip: replacement grips and overgrips. Shuttlecock:A shuttlecock (shuttle,birdie) is a high-drag projectile, with an open conical shape: the cone is formed from sixteen overlapping feathers embedded into a rounded cork base. The cork is covered with thin leather or synthetic material.Synthetic shuttles (nylon) are often used by recreational players to reduce their costs as feathered shuttles break easily. Shoes: The proper badminton shoes will have la little lateral support and a very thin sole, lower a person's centre of gravity, and therefore result in fewer injuries. Badminton Court

Techniques
Serve – long or short
Forehand
For right handed players: A stroke hit when the shuttle is on the right side of the body. For left handed players: A stroke hit when the shuttle is on the left side of the body. Round the head – An overhead stroke played on the left or backhand side of the body. Smash – A hard hit overhand stroke with a fast downward path. It is a main attacking stroke.

Drive – A powerfully hit forehand or backhand stroke which just clears the top of the net. Difficult to return due to the shuttle’s straight line trajectory. Clear – A stroke which sends the shuttle high over the opponents head and drops near the backcourt boundary line. It may be hit with and overhand or underhand stroke.

Can be used as offensive or defensive play.
Drop Shot – The shuttle is stroked over the net so it drops very close to the net.

Scoring
Points are scored only by the serving side.
A point is rewarded to the serving side whenever the other side commits a fault. If a fault is committed by the serving side, the server does not score a point and loses the serve. Scoring continued…

Singles
There are 11 points in a singles game.
When the score is 9 all, the first person to reach 9 can “set” the score to 3 If the score is tied at 10, the first person to reach 10 can “set” the score to 2. Doubles
There are 15 points in a doubles game.
When the score is 13 all, the side that reached 13 first has the...
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