BA Sociology

Topics: Sociology, Institution, Social behavior Pages: 86 (18876 words) Published: January 7, 2014
School of Distance Education

INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY
CORE COURSE – 2

B.A. SOCIOLOGY
II Semester
(2011 ADMISSION ONWARDS)

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
Calicut University, P.O. Malappuram, Kerala, India-673 635

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UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT
Introduction to Sociology

Page 1

School of Distance Education

SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
CORE COURSE - II

B.A. SOCIOLOGY
II SEMETER

INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY
Module I : Basics of Sociology

Prepared by:

Dr. Sara Neena. M.
Associate Professor,
Dept. of Sociology,
Vimala College, Thrissur

Module II : Socialisation

Prepared by:

Sri. Syed Abid Hussain Thangal,
Associate Professor,
Dept. of Sociology,
Farook College, Kozhikode.

Module III: Culture, Personality and Society

Prepared by:

Smt. Shilujas. M
Lecturer,
Dept. of Sociology,
Farook College, Kozhikode.

Module IV : Social Process
Prepared by:

Dr. N.P. Hafiz Muhammad
Former Head of the Department,
Department of Sociology,
Farook College, Kozhikode.

Scrutinised by:

Dr. N.P. Hafiz Muhammad
Former Head of the Department,
Department of Sociology,
Farook College, Kozhikode.
Layout & Settings: Computer Section, SDE
© Reserved

Introduction to Sociology

Page 2

School of Distance Education

CONTENTS

PAGES

MODULE - I

05 - 23

MODUL - II

24 - 33

MODULE - III

34 - 40

MODULE - IV

41 - 49

Introduction to Sociology

Page 3

School of Distance Education

MODULE 1
BASICS OF SOCIOLOGY

Introduction to Sociology

Page 4

School of Distance Education

Origin, meaning ,definition and nature of sociology
Studying society can hardly be claimed to be anything new; as far back as we have records, scholars and scribes have described and analyzed the social life shared by a people. Yet sociology as a discipline goes back in name and identity only to the early decades of the nineteenth century. Sociology grew at a time of new and creative social thought that transformed and modernized all of the social sciences. New specialized disciplines broke away from the long-established fields of history and philosophy.

The French Revolution, which began in 1789, symbolized this dramatic break with political and social tradition. French social analyst Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1895) declared that the changes in society brought about by the French revolution amounted to ‘nothing short of the regeneration of the whole human race’.

Huge factories, exploding cities, and a new spirit of individualism- these changes combined to make people aware of their surroundings. As the social ground trembled under people’s feet, the new discipline of sociology was born in England. France and Germany-precisely where the changes were greatest.

The discipline of sociology emerged in response to the vast social upheaval which so radically changed the shape of society in Europe; the French Revolution, for one which marked the rise to political power of new middle classes, instead of aristocrats and kings, the Industrial Revolution, for another, which, together with capitalism, brought about industrial society. The origins of these changes, just after the French Revolution, that thoughtful people began to realize just how revolutionary they were.

Once under way the revolutionary transformation of society relentlessly altered the way everyone was to live. Two significant consequences followed from this. 1) People’s daily range of personal experience became too limited in scope to provide them with sufficient familiarity with their own social world, for that world was growing to be vast and complex. 2) Their world changed before their eyes even as they learned about it. People soon learned that they could not assume that their world would be the same as the world of their parents, or that the world of their children would be like their own.

For many social thinkers the radical transformation of society produced born hope and...

References: 1. Peter, Worsley, 1970, Introducing Sociology, New Delhi: Penguin Books.
2. Bhushan, Vidya, D.R. Sachdeva, 1961, An introduction to Sociology, Allahabad:
Kitab Mahal.
3. Rao, C.N. Shankar, 2005(1990), Sociology, New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.
4. Nagla, Bhupendra.k, Sheo Bahal Singh, 2002, Introducing Sociology, text book for
class XI, Delhi: NCERT.
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