The original Americans are the native Americans.
the very first migration to America happened in38,000 B.C.E–15,000B.C.E Arrived from North Asia (Russia, Mongolia…etc) the second wave happened between 10,000 B.C.E and 4,000 B.C.E The third wave happened between 3,000 bce and 1,000
Major Pre-Columbian Civilizations
( Aztec – Mayas – Inca )
Their famous pyramid is the Chichen-Itza
Mayan civilization of Maize (kind of corn)
Mayan underground Granaries (storage) : Chultunes
The Aztecs Empire
The first man who visited Aztec was Bernald Diaz in 1519 (the 16th cent) 1492 was Christopher Columbous
1421 China discovered the world. ( a book)
Mesoamerica before 1492
The country entered a period of war and conquest
Teotihuacan : the largest city in misoamerica
10-11cent is the decline of misoamerica and the rise of tettlico
aztic comes from aztila
- Social structure
CALPULLI IS IMPORTANT ITS IN 320 READ. COMING ON THE EXAM
Smoking mirror : god of life/death
Protection/patron : diety of warrior (god = diety)
Feathered serpent : god of art/craft/agri…
line that says “Spanish adventurers…. That paragraph”
what important thing did cortese do to the aztecs
He stopped Human sacrifice
Aztec conversion : from theirs -> Catholicism
Mariah Donna : she translated Spanish -> Maya ->Nahuah for Cortes
Cross-cultural : encounter.
People killed themselves because they couldn’t stand how cruel the Spanish treated them.
New Culture = New people
= people : Nestizo, Creole, mixed ancestry
Cross-racial marriage.. HYBRID
Spaniards vs. Tlaxcalans-> (Indian tribe, Aztec subject) they converted ->Catholic Christanity These two tribes were (ally/friends) and they won against the Aztecs
456 summary Indians want to have some freedom and attack the aztecs
- Cortes is a Spanish soldier who went to mexico 1519 went to the capital Tenochtitlan. (new Spain) He wrote letters to the Spanish queen to tell her what happened in Mexico. - he wrote everything to her, structures, social classes
- Tlaxcalans was joint with Tenochtitlan by the Spanish which made it as the Aztec Empire. Bernal diaz wrote a paragraph about the new spain.
New spain had the (natan language)
His paragraph explains who was with the people who went to the innovated place. Like cortes and the native people and the chief of tlaxcalans who showed and helped cortes the place. - cortes saw women were standing behind the priests.
- he (Cortes) was holding the Bible in his left hand.
- talked about how Spanish people fought for the new spain.
- the Cholula temple was made for one of the Mexican God (architecture god) called Quetzalcoarl. The name of the book was Dona Marina.
Cortes wrote for her majesty his diaries. The first day he saw 55 native Indians, he thought they went to India, they didn’t know that they were in America. -Cortes attacked two villages where he killed many people without burning the houses. THEY WERE STRONGER THAN THE NATIVES. THEY USED FIRE ARMS TO ATTACK THE AZTECS. Cortes explained that he did all that to spread peace and to let them know that they’re powerful. To let them know who we are. HE DID NOT KILL WOMEN NOR CHILDREN.
Bernal diaz del Castillo.
He wrote : we went to search for gold and fortune.
After attacking, people started giving them gifts and valuable things. Tried to give them everything because of fear, they gave them everything but gold. Cortes wrote that they gave us everything but gold.
Mexico had another God ‘Montezuma’ they sacrificed everything to offer him gifts and sacrifices. They offer him all beautiful things to have good luck in their land. They even gave their daughters and nieces as mocks’ wives in order to have good plants. They offered Cortes to marry one of these women.
PRIESTS WERE VERY...
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