Aztec Tradition

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Aztec Tradition By Nicola Gunnis - 25178300

Principal beliefs concerning the origins of the universe: * The driving creation beliefs of the Aztec religion begin with the dual god, Ometecuhtli/Omecihuatl. * This god created itself and it was both male and female, bad and good and, chaos and order. * The Aztecs believed that the contrasting aspects in the world would create balance and unite the origins of the world. * The god had four children and each of them represented the four directions of the world north, south, east and west. * The Aztecs believed that their empire was at the centre of the universe and therefore the directions mentioned in the creation story link to this. * The four gods created the water and then other gods who then created Cipactli a creature who was part crocodile and part fish. * This creature begun to eat all the creations made by the gods and were eaten. * The four direction gods attacked the Cipactli and stretched him into the four corners and the world was created when it was defeated. * It is believed that the head contained the 13 heavens, the body contained the world and tail held the 9 underworlds

Principal beliefs of the Aztecs: * The Aztecs beliefs were based upon the theme of nature * Aztecs believed that the gods needed to be nourished by humans and therefore sacrifice is an integral aspect of Aztec tradition * They believed that the world was divided into five eras, or suns. Each previous era had been governed by one deity and it had ended with the destruction of the elements or phenomena after which it had been named.
They believed they were living in the fifth and last era. They believed this era was the era of movement as they believed an earthquake would end the world and time would come to an end. * The Aztecs believed in an underworld and a paradise where in which there were 13 heavens and 9 hells in which one could go after death * The



Bibliography: 1. "Aztec Creation Story." Aztec History. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. <http://www.aztec-history.com/aztec-creation-story.html>. 2. "Aztec Religion." University of Cumbria. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. <http://www.philtar.ac.uk/encyclopedia/latam/aztec.html>. 3. "Aztec Religion." Wiki Dot. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 July 2012. <http://harry-aztec.wikidot.com/principal-beliefs>. 4. "Goals and Basic Concepts of Aztec Worship." The Aztec Gateway. N.p., 2002. Web. 20 July 2012. <http://www.amoxtli.org/cuezali/goal.html>. 5. "Aztec Religion." Aztec Indians A. N.p., 2010. Web. 20 July 2012. <http://www.aztec-indians.com/aztec-religion.html>. 6. "Facts on Aztec Rituals and Sacrifices." Buzzle. N.p., 1 Mar. 2012. Web. 20 July 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/facts-on-aztec-rituals-and-sacrifices.html>. 7. "Death and Dying." Encyclopaedia of Death and Dying. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 July 2012. <http://www.deathreference.com/A-Bi/Aztec-Religion.html>.

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